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Who does what in Italy?

Stakeholders involved in natural risk mitigation and risk management

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1 - The Italian State system
2 - Available tools, guides and documents
3 - Players (administration, institutions, associations, services...) involved in natural risk mitigation

 

1 - The Italian State system

Italy is subdivided into regions, provinces and municipalities.

Regions
Italian regions are 20. According to Article 131 of the Constitution, five of these regions (Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily, Trentino-Alto Adige and Aosta Valley) have a special autonomous status for historical or/and linguistic reasons.

Provinces
The 110 Italian provinces are distributed in all regions apart from the Aosta Valley where the region also carries out the responsibilities of the provincial administration. The provinces of Trentino-Alto Adige (Trento and Bolzano) have a wide autonomy and legislative powers.

Municipalities
The Italians municipalities are 8,094. The municipalities are the third level of the administrative division of the country. The biggest municipalities can be further divided into smaller units (districts, regions, territories). The most important municipalities in terms of history and administration have the city rights.

 


2 - Available tools, guides and documents


Hydrogeological System Management Plan

The primary objective of the Hydrogeological System Management Plan is to reduce the geological risk within values compatible with the uses of the land which are afoot, so as to protect the personal safety and minimize damage to the goods on display.
The contents of the plan are divided into structural interventions (works), relating to the design structure of riverbeds, hydraulic and slope critical nodes, actions and non-structural measures (land use regulations and rules of conduct).
The legislative part regulates the conditions of land use in a way compatible with risky situations and it lays down provisions for planning the implementation of the Plan itself. The regulatory apparatus of the Plan is represented by the implementing rules, which contain addresses, instructions and directives of the Plan.

The set of actions defined are:
• the safety measures for towns and infrastructure,
• the protection of natural areas from flooding;
• the limitation of artificial interventions of flood detention;
• the interventions of controlled lamination;
• the common interventions for the adjustment of slopes;
• the maintenance of defensive works, riverbeds and mountain areas;
• the reduction of human interferences with the evolutionary dynamics of floodplains and river bed systems.

The territorial scope of reference of the PAI is constituted of the whole watershed of the Po river to the Goro (the first and biggest branch of the Po river) inlet, with the exception of the Delta, for which there is a separate act of planning (the Institutional Committee of the Watershed has adopted through the resolution No. 26, December 12, 2001 a design of management plan for the hydrogeological disposition of the Delta -PAI Delta-.


Management Plan for the river survey

The Management Plan for the river section on the main waterways of the catchment area of the River Po, PSFF, is the instrument for the delineation of the river region, functional to allow, through the planning of actions (works, constraints and directives), the achievement of a physical structure of a stream compatible with the flood safety, the use of water resources, land use (for settled, agricultural and industrial ends) and the preservation of natural and environmental components.
The Management Plan for the river section is primarily a plan of non-structural measures, designed to pursue objectives for the protection from the hydraulic risk, the maintenance and rehabilitation of the river, the preservation of landscape, history, arts and culture values in the river sections; it contains the definition and cartographic delimitation of the river sections of the main waterways of Piedmont, the Po River and rivers of Lombardy and Emilia Romagna, limited to stem sections upstream from the confluence with the Po (section A for the outflow of flood, section B for flooding, Section C for overflowing due to catastrophic flood).


IFFI (Italian landslide Inventory)

The IFFI Project (Inventory of landslides in Italy), made by ISPRA and by the Autonomous Regions and Provinces, provides a detailed overview on the distribution of landslides on the Italian territory. The inventory has recorded to date 485,000 landslides affecting an area of 20,721 km2, equal to the 6.9% of the country.
The main products and services offered by IFFI project are: Online mapping service, which allows to take vision of the landslides and query the main parameters associated with them, and the report on the landslides in Italy (Ispra Reports, 78/2007), which gives a summary of data on the disruption to national and regional scale.


Seismic classification of Italy

The first legislative source on the matter is the D.M.LL.PP of March 19, 1982, which classified in very general terms the country in areas of low and high seismic risk. Today the new NTC 2008 rules that define differently the seismicity of each region of Italy are in force.
By order of the President of the Council of Ministers (OPCM) No 3274 of March 20, 2003, updated 01/16/2006 with the directions of the Regions, local authorities are delegated to carry out the seismic classification of each town, in considerable detail in order to prevent any cases of damage to buildings and people following an earthquake. Moreover, according to the seismic zone classification, the new buildings constructed in a given municipality, as well as those existing during the reconstructing phase, must comply with the relevant regulations in the building construction field.
According to the legislative provision of 2003, the Italian municipalities were classified into four main categories according to their seismic risk, calculated according to the PGA (Peak Ground Acceleration) and the frequency and intensity of events. The classification of communities is constantly updated as new studies are performed in a given territory being updated in all municipalities from the belonging region.

  • Zone 1: high seismicity, PGA over 0.25 g. It includes 708 municipalities.
  • Zone 2: medium seismicity, PGA between 0.15 and 0.25g. It includes 2,345 municipalities (some towns in Tuscany are in the Zone 3S which has the same characteristics of the Zone 2).
  • Zone 3: low seismicity, PGA between 0.05 and 0.15g. It includes 1,560 municipalities.
  • Zone 4: very low seismicity, PGA less than 0.05 g. It includes 3,488 municipalities.


Municipal General Plan

The Municipal General Plan (PRGC) is defined as an instrument that regulates the activity of building construction in a municipal area. It is an instrument drawn up by a single municipality or several neighbouring municipalities (Intermunicipal General Plan) containing information on the possible use or protection of portions of the territory to which it relates.

  • Purpose: to outline the growth of cities, to manage urban growth
  • Limitations of space: the perimeter of the municipal area
  • Cogency: compulsory for the municipalities included in the list of regions, in the lists of the Secretary for Public Works and those stated as health resorts, accommodation and tourism
  • Validity: indefinitely
  • Top Content:
    1. infrastructure core network
    2. zoning of the municipal area
    3. indication of spaces intended for public use
    4. indication of areas intended for public use buildings


Civil protection plan

It is the project of all coordinated activities and all procedures to be adopted to deal with natural disasters expected in a given territory, in order to ensure effective and immediate use of the resources necessary to overcome the emergency and to return to normal life conditions.
The Emergency Plan is the operational support to which the Mayor refers to handle an emergency with the highest level of effectiveness.
It is designed to:
- know the territorial and human vulnerabilities,
- organize an operational chain which aims to overcome the event,
The plan must answer the questions:
a. which natural disasters may reasonably be of interest to the municipality?
b. which people, facilities and services will be affected or damaged by them?
c. which operating organization is necessary to minimize the effects of the event, with particular attention to the preservation of human life?
d. who the different responsibilities at different levels of command and control for emergency management are assigned to?


Municipal mapping of the areas not suitable for building (Autonomous Region of the Aosta Valley - L.R. 11/1998)

They define the areas where building or transformative interventions are prohibited or regulated, under the rules contained in Title V, Chapter I of L.R. 11/98.
They relate to: woodlands, wetlands and lakes, land where landslides occurred, especially those at risk of flooding and those at risk of avalanches.


Watershed Studies

Watershed studies are specific studies on the hazard evaluation of watersheds subject to phenomena of debris flow. The drawing up of these studies aims at achieving the following objectives:
• to map the debris flow hazard;
• to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of existing flood protections;
• to underline critical issues and imbalances;
• to identify the actions to plan for the purposes of Civil Protection in case of rain events that could trigger debris flow phenomena;
• to identify the possible interventions of hydraulic set-up aimed at the hazard mitigation.
The activities relating to the Watershed Study achievement, aimed at assessing debris flow hazard, is divided into two phases: learning and assessment.

The learning phase is aimed at identifying the existing historical material and subsequently integrating knowledge to be achieved through a series of activities that are structured in the manner described in the following paragraphs. The assessment phase is the set of calculations to be made to achieve a detailed mapping of the debris flow hazard and the identification of critical issues and imbalances present in the areas examined.


Weather and snow bulletin

The weather and snow bulletin provides an overview of snow, structure and consolidation of the snowpack and indicates the danger of avalanches, on a regional scale, on the issue date. Furthermore, based on weather forecasts and possible evolution of the snowpack, it indicates the danger level expected for the next 48 hours, in order to prevent accidents resulting from avalanches.


Administrative procedures and information for the mitigation of flood and landslide risk in the Aosta Valley
(www.regione.vda.it/territorio/centrofunzionale/pdf/Sistema_Allertamento_Manuale.pdf)

Bulletins
Weather Bulletin it is a product that provides weather forecast daily for the next 72 hours, as well as a later trend.

Weather Alert: it is issued occasionally by the national DPC when the weather conditions are adverse and it is retransmitted by the regional structure of civil protection.

Bulletin Of Regional Hydrological And Hydraulic Critical Issues: it is issued with daily regularity by the Regional Functional Centre. This is a document which purpose is to make a short-term or mid short-term prediction of the possible effects induced on the territory by the expected weather conditions; the heaviness of the event of course affects the scenario which is described; for the understanding of this document see Chapter 3 and the recommendations contained therein.

Notice Of Regional Hydrological And Hydraulic Critical Issues: the Bulletin of regional hydrological and hydraulic critical issues becomes a "notice" if the hazard level in one or more areas at risk is considered at least moderate after a weather and/or an hydrological event and/or a weather situation observed from the weather-monitoring network.

Bulletin update on the hydrological and weather situation: (issued within 24 hours after the sending out of the notice of critical issues for regional hydrological and hydraulic risk, and with a variable frequency depending on the level of criticality), it is the synthesis of the monitoring phase (based on real-time measurements of the ground monitoring networks in the course of events) and it is intended to provide information to confirm the situation envisaged or to update it in the light of unexpected developments of the weather phenomenon, in which case a special bulletin is issued in order to update on the weather and hydrological situation.

The Notice of warning is different from the Notice of bad weather report because it is intended to provide well in advance estimated information, on the minimum scale of the set of river watershed, about the onset and evolution of dangerous hydrogeological situations dependent on rainfall over the whole or part of the region. This forecast is based on the expected weather evolution and, especially, on the effects induced by the events in the territory, a result of geological knowledge of the territory and situations of instability occurred in the past. For this reason it may happen that the hydrological and hydraulic report is issued as a result of the notice of adverse weather conditions, but even in the absence of that; this may occur, for example, if the values of cumulative precipitation recorded up to that time, and referred to a given period of time, are such that more rainfall, even though low-intensity rainfall, can lead to hydrogeological instability according to the assessment of the relevant structures.

 


3 - Players (administration, institutions, associations, services...) involved in natural risk mitigation

 

A.D.B.P.O, Po River Watershed Authority

www.adbpo.it/on-line/ADBPO/Home.html

The Po River Watershed Authority is a joint body consisting of State and Regions, operating in accordance with the objectives of the law, on watersheds, considered as a unitary system.

The Po Watershed covers eight regions and collects the waters of an area stretching from Monviso to the Po Delta.

The Watershed Authority is the body established to allow action of integrated planning at the catchment scale. The overall objective of the Authority is the protection of the entire watershed environment, with the following objectives:
• hydrogeological and hydrographic protection
• protection of the quality of water bodies
• rational use of water resources
• regulation of land use

The scopes within which the Authority carries out its planning, programming and implementation are:
• set-up, maintenance and recovery of the soil in the watershed
• protection, set-up and regulation of watercourses
• moderation of floods
• regulation of mining activities
• defense and consolidation of the slopes and unstable areas
• containment of the effects of soil subsidence and the rising of sea water along the rivers
• coastal protection
• improvement of superficial water and groundwater
• rationalization of the use of surface and subsurface water resources
• functional performance of the police hydraulic services
• routine maintenance and repairs of works and installations
• regulation of land for the preservation and conservation of public lands and the establishment of river parks and protected areas
• integrated management in excellent areas of the public service sector
• reorganization of the hydrogeological bond

 

AINEVA

www.aineva.it

AINEVA, Interregional Association of Snow and Avalanche Research, is the association of autonomous provinces and regions in the Italian Alps formed to allow the coordination of the initiatives that member organizations organize in preventing and information matters of snow and avalanche fields.
The primary objectives are the exchange and dissemination of information, the adoption of common methodologies for data collection, the testing of instruments and equipment, the dissemination of publications on the subjects of study, the training and updating of technical sector.

Public members of AINEVA:
PIEDMONT REGION
- ARPA Piedmont
- Area of regional activities to address and coordinate forecasting and environmental monitoring
AUTONOMOUS REGION OF THE AOSTA VALLEY
- Directorship of the hydrogeological set-up of watersheds and Montagna Sicura Foundation - Avalanche Office
LOMBARDY REGION
- ARPA Lombardia
- Avalanche and snow centre - Department of Sondrio
AUTONOMOUS PROVINCE OF TRENTO:
- Forecast Office and Organization
AUTONOMOUS PROVINCE OF BOLZANO:
- Hydrographic Office,
- Avalanche Prevention Service and Meteorological Service
VENETO REGION
- ARPA Veneto
- Avalanche Centre of Arabba
AUTONOMOUS REGION OF FRIULI-VENEZIA GIULIA:
- Central Directorship for agricultural, natural, forest resources and mountain
- Mountain Area Service and maintenance
- Avalanche Office

 

Air Force

www.aeronautica.difesa.it

See National Centre for Aeronautical Meteorology and Climatology

 

A.I.P.O., Interregional Agency for the Po River

www.agenziainterregionalepo.it

The AIPO is an inter-agency established in 2003, resulting from the establishment of the Po magistrate (under the Secretary for Infrastructure and Transportation and the Secretary for Environment and Territory.)
Territorial competence: Piedmont Region, Lombardy, Emilia Romagna and Veneto Region.
The agency works alongside the Po River Watershed Authority (see below).

Core competences:
- Planning, implementation, monitoring and maintenance of hydraulic works
- Hydraulics Police (environmental and river protection);
- Flood Service;

The Inter-Agency for the River Po is organized into a head office (Parma) and twelve branch offices spread across the country

Head office: Via Garibaldi, 75, 43100 PARMA - Tel 0521/7971 - Fax 0521/797296

 

ANAS

www.stradeanas.it

The Anas is the operator of the Italian road and motorway network of national interest. It is a joint stock company which sole shareholder is the Secretary for Economy and Finance. The Secretary for Infrastructure is responsible for technical and operational supervision.

The functions attributed to Anas for what road and motorway network of national interest are concerned are:
• management, routine maintenance and repairs of roads and highways;
• adjustment and progressive improvement of the road and motorway network and road signs;
• construction of new roads and highways, including toll, either directly or through licenses granted to third parties;
• information services to users, from the equipment signage
• supervision of the construction of works given in concession and control of highways management;
• implementation of laws and regulations concerning the protection of the roads and highways and the protection of traffic and road signs
• the adoption of measures necessary to ensure traffic safety on the roads and highways;
• to carry out and participate in studies, research and testing on roads, traffic and circulation.

 

APAT: Agency for Environmental Protection and Technical Services

Replaced by ISPRA (National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research)

 

ARES: Regional Agency of the Roads

www.ares.piemonte.it

It is a public instrument of the Piedmont Region, established by L.R. August 6, 2001 No 19, which carries out operations on the road networks of Regional property and provides technical support to other public bodies.

The ARES Piedmont performs the duties of implementation of the program on the regional detached road network and of the technical coordination and administrative management of regional owned roads providing for:

  • the design of new works directly or through public tenders or by an agreement of assignment to the provinces;
  • the construction of new works through public tenders;
  • the proposal of criteria, mode and performance parameters for the ordinary, extraordinary and planned maintenance, subject to appropriate agreements with the provinces as well as relating to the supervision on defined fulfilments;
  • the creation and updating of the register of roads of regional interest.

The agency is organized into the following functional areas:
- General Management
- Administrative Area
- Technical Area

 

Army

www.esercito.difesa.it/default.asp

The Italian army is divided into six "Arms" and three "Corps".
The Arms differ depending on the weapons which characterize them: Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery, Engineers, Transmission, Transportation and Materials.
The Corps are specific units providing the necessary logistics needs: the Medical Army Corps, the Army Corps of Directors and Commissioner, the Engineers Army Corps.
In turn, arms and bodies are made up of "specialty" that matches the type of struggle that each department is able to support and to which is structured and prepared.
The Air Force is the only "specialty" of the Army not belonging to the General Army, as it consists of highly qualified personnel unrelated to any Force, specialty or Army Corps.

 

ARPA Piedmont: Regional Agency for Environment

www.arpa.piemonte.it

The following ONLINE SERVICES are available on Arpa Piedmont website:
- Bulletins
- Distribution data
- Meteorology
- Event Reports
- Geographic Information System
- Geological Data Bank

Arpa Piedmont activities include monitoring, technical and scientific support and advice and other activities relevant to regions, provinces, individual and associated municipalities, as well as Piedmont Local Health Authority for the tasks assigned to them by law in the field of prevention and environmental protection.
Prevention of risks from human activities
Prevention and prediction of risks of natural origin
Checking aimed at compliance testing
Activities of public health interest
Environmental information

ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF ARPA PIEDMONT
The Arpa Piedmont organization was born to adequately fulfill the needs that arise from a changing reference environment, both in terms of environmental events and for the reference legislation. The organizational structure is a matrix so that it integrates the flexibility of complex structures specialized in geographic areas which are amenable to the divisional structure, with the ability to integrate functional areas, amenable, as central structures specialized in product or function, to the functional model.

The overall architectural structure of Arpa Piedmont provides, in addition to the facilities included in the line matrix, regional centres of strategic importance external to the matrix. Outside the matrix are also located Administrative Offices and Staff Structures of the General Management, as structures for carrying out the process management or support. The functionality of Arpa Piedmont is optimized through organizational systems that guide activities in the pursuit of its policies and strategic plans.

The implementation is done through the direct involvement of the Executives responsible for taking charge of the process and product with the resulting customer satisfaction. This is realized by means of assessment system and strategic monitoring that direct the activities with continuity to the strategic direction choices, promoting at the same time the implementation of improvement actions.
General Management
Provincial Departments
Structures for the prevention of geological risk
Areas of regional activities
Regional centres
Support structures


F ollowing a division by thematic areas, the activities performed by Arpa Piedmont are now briefly described:


Thematic area: Environment and climate - Functional Centre

www.arpa.piemonte.it/index.php?module=ContentExpress&func=display&btitle=CE&mid=&ceid=409

The management of environmental emergencies requires an efficient integration of all safety guards working on the one hand in the forecast and understanding of the phenomena, on the other in the establishment of law enforcement and emergency actions; the New National Alert System, created under Law No 183/1989 on the protection of soil and Law 225/1992 establishing the civil protection, has tried to respond this requirement. The operational guidelines for the management and functional organization of national and regional warning systems, adopted with Directive of the President of the Council of Ministers on 27 February 2004, stipulate that the management of the alert system is ensured by the Civil Protection Department, the Autonomous Regions and Provinces through the network of functional centres, regional structures and centres of expertise required to take part in functionally and operatively. The Functional Centre Network works according to criteria, methods, standards and common procedures and it is a member of the National Service of Civil Protection. The task of the Functional Centre Network is to bring together, gather and integrate the qualitative and quantitative data collected by the hydro-meteorological and rain networks, by the national radar meteorology network, by the various satellite platforms available for earth observation; territorial, geological and geomorphological data; the weather, hydrology, hydrogeology and water patterns.

The purpose is to provide a continuous service for all the days of the year and, if necessary, throughout 24 hours per day, which supports the decision of the competent authorities called to tackle environmental emergencies and fulfills the operational needs of civil protection systems. For the Piedmont Region, the functional competences of the centre are conferred to ARPA Piedmont by Piedmont regional law No. 28 of November 20, 2002. The functional centre of Piedmont is the evolution of the Natural Hazard Situation Room that, since 1996, has carried out the tasks of monitoring for landslide risk in the region. This centre is guarded 365 days a year by:
- technical and operational staff working in shifts with coverage time of 18 hours (on the whole time of the year) in accordance with procedures defined and of 24 hours in case of warning;
- service of availability of technical and logistical support functions (system support, data network, telephony, ect.)
- adoption of technical solutions, relating to wiring and power supply, appropriate to issues of robustness and reliability of service;
- procedures and advanced computer equipment capable of supervising and contributing to the achievement of each stage of the process.

At the functional centre the presence of domain experts grouped into specific functional groups (geology, meteorology, hydrology, and snow science) is guaranteed to support the interpretation of data, and the operative decisions. The functional centre activities are divided into a forecast phase and a monitoring phase. The forecast phase concerns the assessment of the weather, snow, hydrologic, hydraulic and geological situations expected through the interpretation of numerical simulations of the patterns, and the effects that this situation may lead to the integrity of life, property, settlement and environment; it consists of the following steps:
- the first one relates to the forecast of weather events (wind, rain, snow, frost, etc)
- the second is on the prediction of the expected residual risk and the effects that such events would lead to the territorial domain assigned to each Functional Centre;
- the third is on the assessment of the level of criticality, obtained by comparing the forecasts with the expected values of the thresholds adopted.

The phases of monitoring is designed to provide information through the transmission, collection and gathering of data collected for different purposes by different kinds of sensors in Civil Protection Functional Centres, and to formulate or to confirm the scenario envisaged or to update it as a result of the event in progress; they can be distinguished  into:
- direct qualitative, quantitative and instrumental observation of the meteo-hydrological and hydrological event in place;
- assessment of its effects in the very short-term (nowcasting technique or models to the ground initialized by measurements).

The Functional Centre is responsible for issuing the following reports (available to any user on the website):

Weather Surveillance Bulletin
It is issued from the Functional Centre everyday at 13,00 and it contains the forecast of weather for the afternoon and for two days following the reference. The forecast is for different alert areas. The Bulletin reports the adverse weather conditions by black icons that announce the inclusion of a phenomenon particularly intense. The Weather Surveillance Bulletin is part of the Warning System regulated by the Directive of the President of the Council of Ministers February 27, 2004, ‘operational guidelines for the management and functional organization of national and regional warning system for hydraulic and hydro-geological risk for the purposes of civil protection’, published in the Supplement to the Official Gazette No. 59 of 11 March 2004, and the 'Regulations for the organizational and functional management of the regional warning system for the purposes of civil protection', approved by Resolution of the Regional No 37-15176 dated 23 March 2005 and published in the ordinary supplement No 2 of the Official Bulletin of the Piedmont Region No 21 of 26 May 2005.

Weather Forecast
It is issued  all year, including holidays, before 14.00 from the weather forecasting service operational at the Functional Centre with overtime updating if necessary, containing information on general weather situation, referring particularly to the air masses of European - Atlantic storms which cause the major phenomena of the Region, and its evolution within three days;

Avalanche Bulletin
It is issued during the winter (from December to May) on Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 13:00, except the case of extraordinary issues due to particularly critical snow and weather conditions.
It is prepared in accordance with the methodology used by AINEVA (Interregional Association for the Study of Snow and Avalanche), its drawing up is based on the analysis of snow and weather data and it is measured daily on internal assessments of the physical characteristics of the snow cover and distribution. The forecast of the extent of the avalanche danger is made on the basis of the weather forecast in the medium term.

Hydrological Summary Bulletin
From Monday to Friday the bulletin containing the summary data from the most significant stations of hydrographic and weather monitoring network is issued to provide a constant update on the regional hydrological framework. The document gives the minimum and maximum water level average of the previous day calculated by the measuring station and the corresponding values of water flow;

Hydrological Monthly Bulletin
It is issued at the beginning of each month and it provides a constant update on the regional hydrological outline and the availability of water resources. The report covers the whole region and gives analysis conducted at the watershed scale in relation to rainfall and snow. It summarizes also the conditions of the main artificial lakes of Verbano region and the development of flow of the main waterways.

Hydrological Weekly Bulletin
It is issued only on Monday in the late spring and summer if the need to update the hydrological monthly bulletin arises. It is valid for the entire week and it provides a constant update of the regional hydrology and forecasting of rain. The bulletin covers the whole region and shows the precipitation and snow cover at the watershed scale. It also contains information on the precipitation forecast for the next two weeks.


Thematic area: Environment and Climate - Weather Service

The Regional Meteorological Service operating at ARPA Piedmont is structured for both the monitoring of significant weather events, the very short-term forecast of their evolution (nowcasting technique), and the short-term (up to 2-3 days) and medium-term (up to one week) weather forecast. The activity focuses on the region and makes use of different tools and products depending on the reference date of the forecast.

The section makes the information gathered by the regional environmental monitoring system available and it is managed by Arpa Piedmont
The section contains the latest weather forecasts every day of the year at 14,00.
The section provides information on the snowpack
The section contains links to services that Arpa Piedmont delivers through the portals of other institutions.

The Legislative Decree No. 112 March 31, 1998 established the Distributed National Weather Service comprising the relevant State bodies and the meteorological services of the Regions to carry out, with scientific, technical and administrative independence, scientific, technical and operational tasks in the field of meteorology. In this context, the activation of an operational weather forecasting and monitoring and analysis of events affecting the region finds definite legitimacy, started well before the issuing of the Decree. The activity focuses on the region and makes use of different tools and products depending on the term of the forecast.

The service is designed for:

  • The monitoring of significant weather events and the very short-term forecasting of their evolution (nowcasting technique). The operational tools of primary importance for this kind of forecast are the weather radar and satellite;
  • For the short-term weather forecast (up to 2-3 days) and medium-term (up to one week). In this case the forecast is supported by numerical models. It is essentially about very sophisticated computer programs, which, starting from all available observations at a given time (initiation time), calculate the future evolution of all the atmospheric parameters for the entire earth (GCM, general circulation models) or a part of it (LAM, limited area models). The chaotic nature of the atmosphere, along with the presence of errors and the lack of a sufficient definition, require a process of interpretation and validation, for the purpose of which is very useful to compare the processing of different models.

The weather forecast is issued separately on two main levels, depending on the type of user to whom it refers:
- a quantitative prediction, related to the assessment of the warning;
- a qualitative prediction is intended to spread a wider audience.

The weather service systematically analyzes the quality of the information given, it develops specific products for different needs (hydrology, air quality, snow science, landslides and alert for heat waves) and it continually updates its own tools and methodologies which are used to formulate and predict the most recent developments in this field. The service, also using its own tools and resources, is due to perform specific support activities in support of meteorological events or events taking place throughout the region. Arpa Piedmont is equally involved in the development of a limited area for new generation (non-hydrostatic) and high resolution, in cooperation with other structures of the EMR ARPA Emilia Romagna, the Distributed National Weather Service and the Meteorological Services of Germany, Switzerland, Greece and Poland.


Thematic area: Geology and upheaval - Regional Centre for Environmental and Geological Researches

Arpa Piedmont, through the Regional Centre for Environmental and Geological Researches, deals, in particular, with the geology of the various geographic areas that constitute the Piedmont region: lithological composition, geological and structural set-up, geomorphology and specifically the processes of natural modeling acting on the territory through the fluvial-torrential activity and the landslides.

Natural modeling processes are constantly active in the area and occur with more or less intense pulses that gradually change morphology. Natural modeling processes easily become relevant to all only when they interfere violently with human activities. In that case, they are perceived, along with the effects they produce, such as instability. It is common use in these cases the expression hydrological upheaval.

The protection from these processes, namely the protection of public safety and environmental and human resources, must be based on a framework of knowledge that not only draws attention to the phenomena taking place but also provides the necessary elements to foresee the possible results.

A further contribution to lay down a proper land use is provided by the control of those natural phenomena over time, active or potential, which are assessed as particularly significant.

Arpa Piedmont promotes activities related to:
- Knowledge
- Prediction
- Control
providing useful elements and tools for prevention activities.

On the Arpa Piedmont website it is available at the following page www.arpa.piemonte.it/index.php?module=ContentExpress&file=index&func=display&ceid=356&meid=208 the documentation issued by the Region, gathered by Arpa Piedmont by Regional Law of November 20, 2002, No 28, and more recently issued by the Arpa Piedmont Regional Centre for Environmental and Geological Research.

It consists of:
- Published Texts
- Notebooks – Series of scientific and technical information
- Event Reports
- Files and legends
- Alluvial Fans Survey file and Tributaries Survey file
- IFFI File

Brochure
- Arpa Piedmont Brochure
- IFFI Project, Inventory of landslides in Italy - Piedmont experience
- Cartography
- Natural processes of instability and induced damage in the Turin Province


The Arpa Piedmont has participated in the following projects relating to soil conservation:

National Projects
IFFI Project, Inventory of landslides in Italy
CARG Project, Geological Map of Italy at 1:50000 scale

European Projects
INTERREG IIIB Plan, Alpine Region (EU Structural Funds 2000-2006) ALPS GPS Quakenet Project - Alpine Integrated GPS Network and Real-Time Monitoring Master Model for Continental Deformation and Earthquake Hazard
INTERREG III A Plan, Italy and France
INTERREG III B Medocc Plan (EU Structural Funds 2000-2006)
DAMAGE Project, Développement d'Actions pour le Marketing et la Gestion post-évènements
INTERREG IIIB Plan, Alpine region (EU Structural Funds 2000-2006)
CATCHRISK Project - Mitigation of hydro-geological risk in Alpine catchments
Fifth Framework Plan IMIRILAND Project - Impact of Large Landslide on Mountain Environment: Identification and Mitigation of Risk
INTERREG II Italy and Switzerland 1994-99. Connecting the monitoring networks and sharing of experiences and knowledge for the management of geological risk
INTERREG II C Italy and France. Land management and flood prevention. Description of major flooding in Piedmont, Liguria and north-eastern Spain
INTERREG II C ‘Falaises’ Western Mediterranean and Latin Alps. Prevention from cliffs instability
INTERREG I Italy and France. Risks generated by large landslides


In particular, we write on the IFFI Project, Inventory of landslides in Italy, sponsored by the Committee of Ministers of Soil Protection (Former Law 183/89) with the aim to increase knowledge in this field throughout the country. This initiative plays a key role in helping to make the previous databases homogeneous on the state of geological instability, also allowing the correct use of available resources for a better assessment of risk situations.

For the Piedmont, the project was carried out by Arpa Piedmont with the participation of various institutions: the provinces (they entered into a specific Understanding Protocol), the CNR and the Universities of Turin, Milan and Pisa, involved in survey activities related to the Project of Geological Mapping - CARG.

All collected data have been collected in an information system specifically developed by APAT. The system consists of an application to store alphanumeric information drawn from landslide files, connected to a data set of information layers for the management of geographic information in a GIS environment.


The landslide survey file is structured in three different levels of analysis: the first level is a compilation of key information, from expeditious investigation of photo-interpretation and/or historical and archival documents, such as: type of movement, activity status, method of survey, sources and possible damage. The second and third level files collect numerous items relating to landslides which allow a more thorough and comprehensive description. The representation and the digitization of landslides have been made on the basis of the Regional Technical Map, scale 1:10000.

Within these two years of the project activities (2002-2003) in Piedmont were detected about 34,000 landslides. For 300 of these a depth of knowledge has reached that has allowed filling in the survey files of the second and third levels. For all other phenomena the key information necessary for completing the first level has been collected.

The information gathered through the project is available in the Slope Processes section on the Geographic Information System online: www.apat.gov.it/site/it-IT/progetti/IFFI


Thematic area: Geology and instability - Geological Information System (SIGeo)

Geological Information System is an integral part of the prevention and risk prediction of natural origin program that Arpa Piedmont promotes for a balanced planning of the human activity and a concrete safeguard of the territory.

The geological information system is logically structured in more specialized components integrated with each other:

  • Sources and Documentation Subsystem: collects information from studies on the region (newspaper articles, historical archives, scientific publications, technical documentation, etc.).
  • Processes Effects Subsystem: manages and processes the information on the slopes, rivers and torrential processes which affect or have affected the Piedmont.
  • Geotechnical Subsystem: collects data on the physical and mechanical characterization of rocks and soils.
  • Landslide Monitoring Subsystem: collects instrumental characteristics and the measurement data of each instrument (1500 total) of the regional network of control (300 sites)
With the CARG project - Geological and Geothematic Cartography of Italy, scale 1:50.000, was also made a specific database that collects information resulting from the geological survey of the 1:50,000 scale sheets, covered by the relevant conventions and agreements of the program. The database sheet nn. 153- Bardonecchia and 154-Susa is currently available and searchable in a simplified form in the online Geographic Information System.

The use of GIS technology (Geographic Information System) provides the overall management of data from different subsystems, ensuring the integration of alphanumeric and iconographic information of each section with geographical information.

The Arpa Piedmont Geographic Information System is designed to ensure the management, analysis, processing and dissemination of geographical environmental cross interest information for all functions of the Agency.

In this section of the website you can access the information assets managed by Information Services of WebGIS type that allow you to:

  • access to geographic data using the basic GIS features of consultation, analysis, research, easy to use.
  • download data (if any)
  • print synthetic cartograms
  • consult Meta-documentation of Information Services and the individual data in order to provide the basic elements for a correct use of the features and the information presented.

The online section of the Geographic Information System is constantly evolving through the updating of disseminated data and the integration of new information services for environmental issues provided by the Agency.
Many information services published in this section are an integral part of the largest catalog of Environmental Information coordinated by the Piedmont Region in the environment and PFR portal - Regional Focal Point.

They are part of the available services:
Geology and instability processes
- Slope processes
- River and stream processes
- Geotechnical Data Bank
- Geology
- Seismology


Thematic Area: Geology and instability - Earthquakes

The Piedmont region is surrounded on three sides (N, W and S) by the Western Alps range, originated from the Cretaceous as a result of the collision of the European and Adriatic plates, the tectonic environment and geodynamic systems still active cause the region to be affected by a significant seismic activity, generally low in intensity, but high in frequency. Earthquakes occur mainly along two lines that clearly reflect the regional tectonic being almost coincident, within a reasonable margin of distribution, on the one hand in the pennidic front, on the other on the boundary between the pennidic units and the Po valley.

Observing the location of the epicentres of the earthquakes recorded by the seismic network is clearly noticeable a dispersed distribution along two main lines:

- one follows the direction of the Western Alps on the inside, at the maximum horizontal gradient of gravity;
- the other more dispersed follows the alignment of the external crystalline massifs at the minimum gravity of the Western Alps in France.

The two lines converge in the area of Cuneo, and spread like a fan to the coast affecting the Nice and Imperia areas.

After the order of the President of the Council of Ministers no 3274 of 20 March 2003 laying down the ‘first item in the field of general criteria for national seismic classification and technical rules for construction in seismic areas’, a new seismic classification of the country has been introduced, divided into four areas, the first three of which follow, from the relationship perspective, the formalities required by the Law 64/74 to areas of high seismicity (S = 12), medium (S = 9) and low (S = 6), while for Zone 4, newly introduced, the Regions are empowered to require the compulsory seismic design.

As far as the Piedmont Region is concerned, in addition to the 41 municipalities in the second classification (Ministerial Decree No. 82 of February 4, 1982), 168 new municipalities have joined in the area distributed among the three provinces of the VCO, of NC and AL. It is also introduced, with the new legislation, a reference to periods of horizontal acceleration, with probability of exceeding equal to 10% in 50 years (ag / g), expected for each area.

The ARPA Piedmont Seismic Service was established to conduct the seismic risk reduction interventions through the verification and approval of building plans and geological studies in support of planning instruments, according to the national and regional legislation (Presidential Decree No. 380, 06/06/2001, 14/09/2005 DM, LR No 19 of 12.3.1985, Circular 1/DOP-2004 PGR).

 

Corps of Carabineers

www.carabinieri.it

The Corps of Carabineers, which is under the Secretary for Defence and it is a branch of the Army, is a police force with power of general competence and in permanent service for public safety, with special prerogatives conferred by the rules in force, and it depends on:
• the Chief of the Defence staff, through the Commanding General, with regard to military duties;
• The Home Secretary, functionally, with regard to the tasks of protection of public order and public safety.

Institutional Responsibilities

Due to its peculiar connotation of military police force with power of general competence, the Corps of Carabineers shall perform the following tasks:

a. military (Article 1, co.2 L. 78/2000):

  • concur in the defense of the homeland and the preservation of free institutions and the good of the national community in cases of public calamity;
  • participate in:
    • military operations in Italy and abroad on the basis of deployment planning of the Army established by the Chief of the Defence Staff;
    • military police operations abroad and, on the basis of agreements and international mandates, concur in the reconstitution of local police where the Army is involved in peace support missions;
  • exclusive exercise of the duties of military police and safety for the Army;
  • performance of the duties of military judicial police employed by the organs of military justice;
  • security for Italian diplomatic and consular representatives, including the offices of military attaches abroad;
  • support the command and the military units involved in institutional activities in the country;
  • concur in the mobilization act;

b. police (Art. 3, co.2 and 3 Leg. 297/2000):

  • performance of the duties of judicial police and public safety
  • as an operational structure of national civil protection, assurance of continuity of institutional services in areas affected by common disasters, helping to provide assistance to populations hit by natural disasters.

 

Autostrade: Italy Motorways network

www.autostrade.it

It is the motorway network in Italy and its affiliated dealerships, which extends for 3408 km and has the purpose to bring the country near the economic and social centre of gravity, ensuring an effective and an indispensable service to the local mobility in the major metropolitan areas.

 

Functional Centre of the Piedmont Region (see also ARPA Piedmont)

In Italy there are 22 Functional Centres, a national entertainment centre and two national centres of national competence: APAT and CNMCA.

FC task is to merge, gather and integrate together:
1. data collected by the hydro-meteorological and rainfall networks, by the radar meteorology national network, by the various satellite platforms available;
2. environmental, geological and geomorphological data;
3. the weather, hydrological, hydrogeological and water modeling.

 

Functional Centre of the Autonomous Region of the Aosta Valley

www.regione.vda.it/territorio/centrofunzionale/default_i.asp

Functional Centres systems were set up in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Council of Ministers of 15.12.1998, as specified by law 267/1998. This legislation provides for the establishment on a national scale of a homogenous coverage of monitoring networks, the optimization of functionality and data dissemination, and the improvement of existing operational centres.

The main task of the Functional Centre is the assessment of ground effects as a result of weather phenomena.
In particular, the functional centre of the Aosta Valley is in charge of hydrological and hydraulic sections.
In parallel to activities related to the management of the warning system for hydraulic and hydrogeological risks, but in close conjunction with them, the Functional Centre also carries out the functions of Regional Hydrographic Office. Born in the late 80s for the management of junction concessions, in 2002 (pursuant to Legislative Decree 112/98) it also acquired the competences of the former and National Hydrographic and Tidal Service.

More information

 

CNMCA, National Centre for Aeronautical Meteorology and Climatology - Air Force Meteorological Service

www.meteoam.it/modules.php?name=informazioniGenerali&page=cnmca

It is the central operational body of the Air Force Meteorological Service that provides for the national and international receiving, processing and dissemination of data and weather conventional and satellite information. It prepares and distributes basic analysis and forecasts for the specific needs of the Army and the avionics and general users. It produces and disseminates weather warnings for Civil Protection and the safety of life at sea. It manages weather databases and provides for the analysis, design and development of new products for the needs of the Service bodies.

The CNMCA has its headquarter at the “Mario De Bernardi” airport in Pratica di Mare.
It consists of 2 Offices and 4 Services. Among these, the Analysis and Forecast Service follows the evolution of weather conditions with absolute continuity of space-time, it makes very short-term forecasts (up to 24 hours) short (24-48 hours) and medium-term (5 to 48 hours days) in Italy. It issues warnings of weather risk for the national community and submits them to the Civil Protection. It issues the bulletin of the sea and storm and gale warnings for the protection of life at sea.

 

CNR National Research Council

www.cnr.it/sitocnr/home.html

The National Research Council (CNR) is a public organization; its duty is to carry out, promote, spread, transfer and improve research activities in the main sectors of knowledge growth and of its applications for the scientific, technological, economic and social development of the country.

 

CNR-IRPI

www.irpi.to.cnr.it

The Research Institute for Hydrogeological Protection in Turin (IRPI Torino) of the National Research Council (CNR) began its activity in 1970 as a local institution. From March 15, 2002 it became a Section of the National Institute for Hydrogeological Protection located in Perugia. The experience gained since 1970 so far covers the following areas of investigation:
- study of geo-hydrological and morphological evolution of watersheds concerning the Alpine-Po
- analysis of erosion, transportation and storage phenomena along the torrential and river courses, in relation to significant weather and hydrological events
- monitoring, forecasting and preventing natural phenomena of instability, even in the glacial and periglacial environment
- Study of methodologies for collecting, storing and processing data by computer and GIS procedures
- researches of comparative photo-interpretation applied to problems of slope instability and river network
- intervention study in the areas hit or threatened by floods and landslides, including those in response to specific requests from public bodies

The IRPI is structured around six regional offices:
- Perugia (Direction)
- Bari
- Cosenza
- Florence
- Padova
- Torino

The Research Institute for Hydrogeological Protection pertains to the Department of Earth and Environment of the National Research Council (CNR).
Within the Institute there are the skills needed to study the hydrogeological instability in all its aspects. They are active orders and forms of research with regard to the assessment of flood along the main Italian rivers, the prediction and prevention of processes related to the instability of the slopes, torrential activity and river dynamics. For years the Institute has provided scientific consultancy services for the Department of Civil Protection, during flooding and landslides and its investigators have been an important core of the National Group for Protection from Hydrogeological Disasters (GNDCI). IRPI is currently the centre of excellence for the Department of Civil Protection.

 

CCS, Aid Coordination Centre

The Aid Coordination Centre is the highest organ of coordination of the civil protection activities at the provincial level. It is composed of senior officials of all the components and structures operating in the province. It identifies intervention strategies for overcoming the emergency rationalizing the resources available in the Province and at the same time for ensuring the coordination of the Regional Cabinet or the national government interventions according to the nature of the event.

 

COC, Municipal Operation Centre

The Mayor, acting as municipal civil protection authority, at the occurrence of the emergency within the municipality, leads and supervises the Municipal Operation Centre for the direction and coordination of emergency services and assistance to the hit population.

 

COM, Joint Operations Centre

The Joint Operation Centre is a decentralized operational structure whose controller depends on the Aid Coordination Centre. Representatives of municipalities and operating structures participate in it. The tasks of COM are to facilitate the coordination of emergency inter-municipal services.

 

COR, Regional Operations Centre

It is the coordinating body for civil protection structures on the hit area and consists of:
• A strategic area, to which pertain the persons responsible for taking decisions (CCS);
• An operating room, structured in support functions, from which all intervention, aid and assistance operations in the hit area start as determined from the Strategic Area. The support functions make up the organization of responses, distinguished in sectors of activity and action to be given to the different operational needs.

 

Local Avalanche Committee (Aosta Valley)

The CLV are advisory bodies to support the Region, municipalities and operators of the ski slopes for forecasting and assessment of snow and weather conditions and the steady state of the masses of snow, surveillance, warning and intervention in situations of risk and emergency management, to ensure local control of dangerous situations on the related territory.

 

Committee for Major Hazards

The National Committee for the forecast and prevention of major risks is the purposeful and consultative body of the National Service of Civil Protection on all civil protection activities aimed at forecasting and prevention of various hypothesis of risk. The Commission shall provide the information necessary to define the requirements for study and research in the field of civil protection, it examines the data provided by the institutions and organizations responsible for the supervision of the events by this law and for the related risk assessment and subsequent intervention, and for the checking of any other matter relating to the activities referred to in this law.

The Commission is composed of the Minister for the Coordination of civil protection, or in the absence of a delegate of the President of the Council of Ministers, who chairs it, by an academic expert in issues of civil protection, who replaces the president in case he is absent or unable to attend, by experts in various areas of risk, and by three experts appointed by the Permanent Conference for relations between the state, the regions and the autonomous provinces of Trento and Bolzano.

 

The municipality

The municipality is the local fundamental, autonomous and independent body as required by art. 114 of the Constitution of the Italian Republic.
In Italy every municipality belongs to a province, but the province is not an intermediary in relation to the region and the region in relation to the State, hierarchically, since it, being endowed with legal personality, may have direct relations with the region and the state and indeed, being the competences of a region much larger than those of a province, a municipality holds more generally relations with the former than with the latter.

Municipalities can share their territory into quarters to ensure the public a more direct participation in the administration. To districts are delegated powers that go beyond the mere advisory role (for which may be provided in the Statute of the Municipality, provided under the Bassanini law, special committees or advisory boards of the district). The division into districts is mandatory for municipalities that exceed the 100 thousand inhabitants.

Italy in 2001 had 8101 municipalities (ISTAT data) to which have been added the municipality of Baranzate and the municipality of Cavallino-Treporti, established later. Of these, about a hundred exceed 50 thousand inhabitants, including 80 provincial capitals (37 capitals instead have a population of less than 50 thousand inhabitants).

The municipality has as its bodies such as the city council, the municipal council and the mayor.

 

Hill community

http://www.regione.piemonte.it/sez_tem/montagna/montagna.htm

A Hill Community is a public body that has begun to have spread in the Italian institutional landscape around the year 2000. It sets up within the Union of municipalities such as, for example, the Mountain Communities. As for the Piedmont, the regional law February, 28, 2000 n.16 (Measures for the protection, development and the economy of hilly areas) has taken measures to introduce for the first time, in paragraph 1 of Article 3, the concept of Hill Community, as an association of municipalities that have certain characteristics.
The guiding principle is a consortium of municipality services that is part of the union in order to reduce costs; it is further characterized by the conformation of the territory, hilly indeed, willing to lay emphasis on environmental disadvantage that the municipalities in the consortium have from the environmental view. It is basically what is implemented for the mountain communities.

 

Mountain Community

- http://comunitamontane.dimmidove.com
- www.regione.piemonte.it/sez_tem/montagna/montagna.htm

A Mountain Community is a public body established by Italian law 1102 of December 3, 1971.

The mountain community, as defined by art. 27 of the Consolidated Law On Local Authorities (Legislative Decree 18 August 2000, No. 267 - Published in the Official Gazette No. 227 of 28 September 2000 - Ordinary Supplement No. 162 [1]) is a local body with compulsory membership, established by decision of the chairman of the regional council between mountain and foothill communities, also belonging to different provinces. The aim is the enhancement of mountain areas for the exercise of its functions conferred, and the exercise of functions associated with local authorities.

Mountain communities are entitled to the functions entrusted by law and special interventions for the mountains laid down by the European Union or the state and regional laws.

3. The mountain communities adopt multi-annual plans of works and interventions and identify the appropriate means to pursue the objectives of socioeconomic development, including those provided by the European Union, by the State and region, which may contribute to the implementation of the annual programs of operating plan implementation.

The mountain communities, at the organizational level, have:
- a representative body, whose members are elected by municipal councils of the participating municipalities;
- an executive body, consisting of mayors, aldermen and councilors of the municipalities involved.

 

State Forest Rangers

The State Forestry Corps, established in 1822, is a police force in civil law, specialized in the protection of natural heritage and landscape and in the prevention and the prosecution of offenses relating to the environment and food processing. It contributes to the maintenance of public order and safety, with special reference to rural and mountainous areas.

The Corps is responsible for the supervision of Parks, Protected Natural Areas and Nature Reserves of the State, it performs the tasks of hunting police to repress poaching, of checking on inland waters fishing and opposing the unlawful disposal of waste.

In addition to these historic commitments, the Corps is now called to work on new frontiers to help meet the demands of public safety in food processing field, and it is also involved in controlling the international trade in species of fauna and flora at risk of extinction as established by the Washington Convention (CITES).

The prevention, investigation and identification of crimes and offenses relating to the environment and food is held by the Forestry Station Control on the national territory during the course of normal institutional services of monitoring and surveillance of the territory.

This activity is coordinated at the provincial level by NIPAF (Provincial investigation units of Environmental and Forestry Police) and centrally by NICAF (Central Investigation Unit of Forestry and Environmental Police).

For some specific areas have been established as central operational units:
- The Food and Forestry Unit (NAF), which deals with consumer safety and the proper implementation of community regulations on agriculture and forestry;
- The Investigative Forest fire prevention Unit (NIAB), to defend the forests against fires through the conduct of investigations;
- The operational anti-poaching Units (NOA), established for the protection of wildlife, which carries out prevention and investigation activities;
- CITES control units, involved in monitoring the international trade in species of fauna and flora at risk of extinction.

 

Italian Red Cross

www.cri.it

The Italian Red Cross is a legal person of public law with an unlimited term of office and which dissolution can only be determined by law. (Prime Ministerial Decree No. 110 of March 7, 1997)

The tasks
With regard to the duties in the event of armed conflict, the Italian Red Cross, according to the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols of 1977, “is involved in the evacuation and care of the wounded and sick victims of war and armed conflict, to perform the tasks related to health and welfare activities of Civil Protection, to manage the search and care services of prisoners of war, the internees, the missing, the exiles, the deportees and refugees.”

The tasks in peacetime are:

  • the organization and performance of social health service in favour of national and foreign populations in times of disaster and emergency in both national and international situations, and the carrying out of the tasks of national civil protection;
  • the contribution, through the instrument of the Convention, to organizing and doing with their own organization the emergency services and patient transport at international, national, regional and local levels;
  • the contribution to achieving the purposes and fulfillment of tasks of the National Health Service with its own personnel both voluntary and regular staff as well as seconded or assigned staff to carry out, also, activities, health services and social assistance on behalf of the State, regions and other public and private bodies, by entering into appropriate agreements;
  • the promotion of blood donation, to classify volunteers donors, to work with their own structures to the activities of the transfusion national health services, including setting up adequate stocks of blood and blood products;
  • the collaboration with the Army for the health care service;
  • the promotion of youth participation in the activities of the Red Cross;
  • the spreading among the young, even in schools and in cooperation with school authorities, of the principles, aims and ideals of the Red Cross;
  • the dissemination and promotion of the humanitarian principles that characterize the establishment of the International Red Cross;
  • to work with the Red Cross Societies of other countries, adhering to the International Movement of Red Cross and Red Crescent;
  • the fulfilment of what relates to the conventions, resolutions and recommendations of the boards of the Red Cross National Societies of Red Cross;
  • the performance of any other tasks assigned by laws, regulations and international standards relevant for the mission of the Red Cross.
The Association, through art. 3 of the Statute, is recognized as a delegated authority, by agreement, to manage the organization with its own emergency service in highways, ports and airports of the entire national territory, it may be delegated further by the grant from the State, regions and public entities for the performance of other tasks.

 

Ferrovie dello Stato Group

www.ferroviedellostato.it

The State railway network is managed by the Ferrovie dello Stato group that have charge of the management of 16.000 km of the network, for a total of nearly 500 million passengers and about 80 million tons of goods transported.

 

Montagna Sicura Foundation

www.fondazionemontagnasicura.org

The Montagna Sicura - Montagne Sûre Foundation was established by the Law of the Autonomous Region of the Aosta Valley in June 24, 2002, No 9, in order to promote the study of phenomena and problems concerning the safety, rescue and life in the mountains.

Founding members are the Autonomous Region of the Aosta Valley, Courmayeur, the Aosta Valley Mountain Rescue, and the Aosta Valley High Mountain Guides Union.

The Foundation, in pursuing its own institutional aims ex-statuto, currently operates as a:
a. Centre for applied research on high altitude area, working in a network with international universities and Alpine Research centres;
b. Documentation Centre on high mountain areas, which operates in a network with the region, the municipalities, universities and Research Alpine Centres, constituting a reference point for information on high altitude areas (data and photos - historical pictures, routes state, results of research undertaken, current changes of the mountain, etc.)
c. Training Centre on issues of safety in the mountains, natural hazards and the Alpine environment.

The activity of the Foundation is then referred to the following areas:
- Glaciers, cryosphere in general, with particular emphasis on safety at high altitude areas;
- Natural hazards in high mountains;
- Mountain safety, information and prevention, also in the logic of operator training and attracting young people to the mountain and the related professions;
- Environment and sustainable development, with a view to promoting and testing the best practices (in particular as a transmitter of the Espace Mont Blanc).

 

ISPRA, Institute for the Protection and Environmental Research

http://www.isprambiente.it

ISPRA was established in 2008 and it incorporates the functions of APAT (Agency for the Environment protection), National Institute for Wildlife and Central Institute for Scientific and Technological Research Applied to the Sea.

The services belonging to the former APAT concern technical-scientific tasks and activities of national interest for environmental protection, safeguard of water resources and soil conservation. In particular:
a) the technical-scientific functions concerning the protection of the environment;
b) the technical-scientific functions concerning the reorganization and functional protection of soil and water protection;
c) the functions relating to technical co-ordination in respect to regional agencies and the autonomous provinces of Trento and Bolzano, as well as other organisms that might be established for the performance of similar functions.

 

Secretary for the Environment and for Land and Sea Protection

www.minambiente.it

The National Institute for Environmental Research (Ispra) depends on the Secretary for Environment Protection

 

Secretary for Economy and Finance

www.mef.gov.it
www.tesoro.it

Department for fiscal policies: www.finanze.it/export/sites/default/finanze/
Revenue Service: www.agenziaentrate.it/ilwwcm/connect/Nsi/
Customs Agency: www.agenziadogane.it/wps/wcm/connect/ed
Land Agency: www.agenziaterritorio.it/
State Property Agency: www.agenziademanio.com

 

Home Secretary

www.interno.it

The Home Secretary is a complex structure divided at a central level in five offices and at a peripheral level in prefectures, police stations, fire brigade commands.
In particular, the Fire service, Public Aid and Civil Defence Department depend on the Home Secretary.

The Department carries out the functions and duties indicated below:
• public assistance;
• fire prevention and other activities assigned to the National Body of Firefighters by regulations in force;
• civil protection.

The Fire service, Public Aid and Civil Defence Department is headed by a Head of Department and it is assigned a Deputy Head of Department who shall perform the vicarious functions and who is also responsible for, in addition to the functions provided by law for his position of General Inspector Chief for the National Fire Department, the coordination of the Central Directorship in letters a), b), d), f) and h) of paragraph 2 above.
Another Deputy Head of Department is entrusted with the responsibility of the Central Directorship for Civil Defence and civil protection policies.
The Head of Department may delegate its specific tasks to Deputy Heads from time to time or in general.
To the Central Directorships referred to in paragraph 2 letter a), b), d) and h) are appointed general director of the National Fire Service.

 

Police

http://www.poliziadistato.it/pds/index.html

The Italian State Police has a very complex structure that takes care of almost all areas of the city where safety is the main objective and it includes the following Departments:
• Traffic Police
• Communications Police
• Railway Police
• Immigration Police
• Mountain Police
• Sea Police
• Scientific Police
• Gaming and Betting Police
• Police Headquarters/ Police Stations
• Mobile Units
• Police on horseback
• Air Service
• NOCS
• Canine units
• Snipers
• Bomb squads
• Health Service
• Data Processing Centre
• School Police
• Crime Prevention Department

 

Prefect

In the Italian administrative order the prefect is the monocratic state body representative of the government of the province, at the head of an office called Local Government Prefecture Office.

Among his tasks, the chief has responsibility for Civil Protection, for supervising the coordination of activities of immediate aid to cope with emergency situations; he also conducts mediation in labor disputes and in guaranteeing the basic public services, he imposes administrative sanctions for decriminalized penalties and road traffic.

In exercising its functions, the prefect takes administrative measures, usually in the form of an order or decree.

According to art. 54 of Legislative Decree no. 267/2000, the prefect has the power to adopt, with a reasoned act and in accordance with general principles of law, contingent and urgent measures (known as contingent and urgent ordinances) in order to prevent and overcome serious hazards that threaten the safety of citizens, where the mayor fail to do so. Similar measures may be taken by the prefect, in case of emergency or serious public necessity, if necessary for the protection of public order and safety (Article 2 of R. D. 733/1931, approving the Consolidation Act of laws on public safety).
In each region that has an ordinary statute, the prefect in charge of the Environmental Office of the government established in the capital acts as the State's representative for relations with the autonomy system. In this capacity he contributes to some residual functions of the Commissioner of the Government, organ of the state in the region abolished by Constitutional Law 3 / 2001.

In the Region of the Aosta Valley, where the province was abolished, there is no prefecture - the Environmental Office of the government and the prefectural powers are vested in the President of the Regional Cabinet and in the Coordination Committee, composed of a prefect, the representative of the Home Secretary who chairs it, of a representative of the Secretary for Finance and of a representative of the region, elected by the Council of the Valley.

There is no prefecture - Territorial office of the government even in the autonomous provinces of Trento and Bolzano, where the functions are shared between the prefectural government commissioners and the presidents of the provinces themselves.

 

Presidency of the Council

www.governo.it

The Presidency of the Council of Ministers is the institutional structure of support to the Prime Minister. He coordinates the National System of Civil Protection.

 

Civil Protection, National System of Civil Protection, Department of civil protection

http://www.protezionecivile.it/

The expression “civil protection” means the series of structures and activities put forward by the State in order to protect human lives, goods, settlements and the environment from damage or from the danger of damage deriving from natural calamities, catastrophes and other disastrous events. With the Act n.225 of 24 February 1992, Italy has organized civil protection as a “National Service”. As stated under the first article of this act, the Civil Protection National Service consists of central and peripheral State administrations, Regions, Provinces, municipalities, national and local public agencies, and any other public and private institution and organization present on the national territory. The President of the Council of Ministers provides for the co-ordination of the National Service and the promotion of civil protection activities through the Civil Protection Department.

The system that has been set up is based on the principle of subsidiarity.

In each Municipality, the first person responsible for civil protection is the Mayor, who organizes municipal resources according to pre-established plans made to cope with specific risks in his territory.

When a disastrous event occurs, the Civil Protection National Service is able, in a very short time to define the event's significance and assess whether local resources are sufficient to face up to them.

Failure to do so immediately mobilize provincial levels, regional and, in more serious situations, even the national level, integrating the forces available in the field with men and means.

But above all the authorities that have to take over operations must be immediately identified: in fact, it is evident that in an emergency situation it should be first of all made clear who decides, who chooses, who assumes the responsibility of the interventions to be carried out. In cases of national emergency this role rests with the Civil Protection Department, whereas the President of the Council of Ministers assumes the political responsibility.

The Department, which is organized in 8 general offices and 43 units, constitutes the junction of the Civil Protection National Service. Its tasks include: promoting and coordinating the whole system; intervening directly in case of national disasters; defining intervention and action procedures common to the whole system; giving guidelines for legislation relative to risk prevention; supporting peripheral structures, particularly the ones with fewer resources; promoting and supporting the activities for the formation and growth of civil protection organizations; informing public opinion and promoting civil protection culture, particularly among young people; directing the setting up and management of information networks necessary for risk prevention; producing and managing exceptional regulations – the official orders - needed to enforce emergency interventions and deal with calamities, in order to reduce to the utmost the damage to people and things.

The Department's staff is highly specialized in emergency management, both from the administrative and technical-operative viewpoint. This has led the Government to request its intervention in all situations, even atypical ones, in which organizational and managerial capability in complex operations and the efficient and authoritative co-ordination of numerous administrations and institutions are necessary, as in the case of “great events”. Or, more recently, in dealing with new risks that can also involve our country with the changed international situations, or in case of the spreading of dangerous and unknown epidemics.

The Civil Protection National Service is made up of all the organized bodies of the State, starting from the National Fire Brigade, which for its specific preparation represents an indispensable component in each intervention. The Police Forces, the Army, the staff of the State Forest Rangers, and the Italian Red Cross guarantee their unfailing support in all emergencies.


It is of fundamental importance for civil protection to be a well-organized “emergency intervention machine”, able to reduce to the utmost the time that elapses between a disastrous event and the first rescue operations and interventions. The work of defining “emergency plans(Civil Protection Plans), elaborated at a national and local level; the continuous updating of emergency procedures; the regular exchange of information between all levels of the system; the training activities for the staff and practice of all the components that take part in civil protection, and the development of technical means available are all actions dedicated to this purpose. Thanks to this systematic work and the increased correspondence of the structures present at the regional level, some satisfying results have been achieved in the last few years both in the reaction times and in the methods of rescue operations. The definition of necessary actions, as well as the capability to operate in order to reduce damage to people, things, and to the artistic and cultural heritage and start in due time the activities to restore normal living conditions in disaster areas have definitely improved.

The activities of the Civil protection are related to:
Forecast
Forecasting activity is developed by means of a linking system between the civil protection and the national scientific research centres, with new technological systems for collecting and processing data on different types of risk, on conditions that may increase the likelihood of danger to community, for information centres processing data as far in advance as possible about the likelihood of catastrophic events. This set of scientific and technical activities, ranging from the collection of spatial information for their preparation, to the interpretation of data collected on the basis of models and simulations of events, put them at the civil protection at various levels, to assess situations of possible risk, alert the intervention system ahead of time but, above all, to provide the competent authorities with the necessary elements, so as to make judicious and opportune decisions.
This is the continuous, almost invisible, but fundamental work of the civil protection's forecast units, which are being transformed into a network of “Functional Centres” organized at a national and regional level.

Prevention
The knowledge of the territory and of the various danger threshold is the basis not only for forecasting activities necessary to make the rescue organization efficient, but also to identify the directions and guidelines of the different kinds of possible prevention interventions.
It is the civil protection's task to inform the competent authorities of useful interventions to reduce within acceptable thresholds the probabilities of disasters or at least to limit possible damage. The recent revision of the national seismic map is set in this context. As everybody knows, science is not able at present to forecast the occurrence of an earthquake. However, we have at our disposal rigorous, scientifically verified information on the different exposure to seismic risk of the national areas.

International relations
The Department also operates at the international level, in agreement with similar institutions of other countries in a context of European collaboration and it coordinates civil protection interventions in foreign countries, thus representing a concrete example of the Italian solidarity and showing the operative, technical and human capacity of the men of our Civil Protection Department.

The Functional Centres of the National Department of Civil Protection
The National System of Functional Centres (see Arpa Piedmont), sponsored by the Civil Protection Department, the Autonomous Regions and Provinces of Trento and Bolzano, aims at creating a network of operating centres for a national "warning system" distributed for civil protection purposes, through forecasting, monitoring and real-time monitoring of events and the consequent effects on the territory and supporting the decisions of the authorities of different components of the National Service of Civil Protection and the different phases of emergency management in implementation of the “Civil Protection emergency provincial and municipal plans”. The directive issued by the President of the Council of Ministers, February 27, 2004, entering the national context, defines the operational guidelines for the organizational and functional management of the warning system, the institutional and regional bodies involved in forecasting and prevention risk and emergency management; it provides the tools and the ways in which information about the onset and evolution of hydraulic and hydro-geological risks must be collected, analyzed and made available to the authorities involved.

They contribute responsibly to the government of the distributed national warning system: - the Presidency of the Council, through the Department of Civil Protection, - the Presidency of the Regional Cabinet, through bodies and structures identified for this purpose and/or delegates, as specified by the implementation in circular of 30 September 2002, No DPC/CG/0035114 and as required by law 183/1989 and amended by Law No 225/1992, Legislative Decree No 112/1998 and Law No 401/2001 and by national regulations of reference. The management of the national warning system is thus ensured by the Civil Protection Department, the Regions and Autonomous Provinces of Bolzano through the network of functional and regional structures and centres of expertise required to compete functionally and operationally in this network.

The task of the Functional Centres Network is to bring together, gather and integrate:
- Qualitative and quantitative data collected by the hydro-meteorological and rainfall networks, by the national radar meteorology network, and by the various satellite platforms available for earth observation;
- territorial, hydrological, geological, geomorphological data and those arising from the monitoring of landslides,
- meteorological, hydrological, hydrogeological and water modeling.

The purpose of this task is to provide a continuous service for all the days of the year and, where appropriate, throughout the course of 24 hours a day, which supports the decisions of the competent authorities for the management of hazards and emergency, and fulfils the operational requirements of the civil protection systems.

 

Provincial Civil Protection

www.provincia.torino.it/protciv

The action of the provincial civil protection is based on the references given about the national civil protection system (for regions where there are provinces such as the Piedmont).

An example given is the site of the civil protection of Turin, on which pages are given the activities:
The work of the Civil Protection Service of the Province of Turin is divided into the following phases:
- Under ordinary conditions, it monitors the levels of risk in the country with forecasting and preventing strategies according to the plans of the Provincial Forecasting and Prevention Program; it arranges for the updating and verification of the provincial planning, municipal and intermunicipal documents according to the Provincial Civil Protection Plan; it updates the Territorial Information System and the Plan for Urgent Internal Activation of Civil Protection and it promotes the culture of civil protection in the area;
- In emergency situations, it deals with the monitoring of the catastrophic event, checking and activating the available resources of voluntary and extraordinary means in accordance with the Coordination of Associations and Municipal and Inter-municipal Groups for Voluntary civil protection; it handles reports from their territory, it acts as a support for the circulation, road conditions, voluntary and local authorities within the Centre for Aid Coordination and it coordinates the actions of the provincial Civil Protection and its qualified Departments.
As required by art. 108 of Legislative Decree no. 112/1998 and art. 71 of LR 44/2000 preparing the Provincial Civil Protection Plan on the basis of regional guidelines is a task of the Province. Moreover, according to the Understanding Protocol between the Local Government - Turin Prefecture and the Province of Turin preparing the Provincial Plan for Civil Protection in consultation with the Prefect is a task of the Province.
In the site of the Provincial Plan for Civil Protection, updated 03/31/2003, it can be seen.

 

Regional Civil Protection

Regional Civil Protection - Piedmont Region

http://www.regione.piemonte.it/protciv/

The action of the regional civil protection is based on the references given about the national civil protection system.

Within the regional organization the Section is included in the Public Works Department.

It is the sector task, respecting the direction of the Regional Council and in accordance with the objectives set by governing bodies, the conduct of activities relating to:

  • coordination of activities in respect of its civil protection and care for its relations with persons and organizations involved;
  • planning matters and promotion of volunteering;
  • issuing, care and systematic updating of data and information relevant to the objectives of civil protection;
  • management of the operational office in case of emergency; cooperation with the regional structures responsible for the operational management of emergencies resulting from natural and human disasters.

The specific tasks are determined by related laws that define the instruments, lay down their responsibilities and identify resources.

In particular, after the Regional Law No. 44 26.04.2000 and 14.04.2003 No. 7, the role of Provincial Government and of Municipalities has assumed major importance in emergency management even though only with the regulations indicated in the Regional Law 7 / 03 the Regional Civil Protection System will have its design accomplished.

The Piedmont Regional Council has established since 1996 the day of Civil Protection.

The organization of the 5th November day aims to be a moment of synthesis of initiatives involving schools.


Regional Civil Protection - Autonomous Region of the Aosta Valley

www.regione.vda.it/protezione_civile/in_valle/

Within the regional organization, the Department for local authorities, civil protection and prefecture services report directly to the President of the Region.


Responsible authorities and bodies

As far as the Autonomous Region of the Aosta Valley is concerned the authorities responsible for civil protection activities are:

  • The Mayor for the municipal area;
  • The President of the Region for municipal and regional areas.

The law 225/92, consistent with the special autonomy granted to the Aosta Valley, also assures the President of the region of the functions that in other regions depend on the President of the Province and the Prefect. Therefore, in the Autonomous Region of the Aosta Valley the activities and the organization of the Civil Protection refer to a single top authority represented by the President of the Region; indeed, he will supervise the activities of the Civil Protection availing himself of the Regional Directorship of Civil Protection and the Centre Regional Operative chairs the Regional Committee for Civil Protection and go directly to the Coordinating Centre of Aid (CCS). When the President of the Council of Ministers declares the state of emergency for his competent region, the President of the Region will automatically assume, by virtue of his prefecture powers, the duties of deputy Commissioner and subsequent broad powers to order under art. 5 of Law 225/92.


The bodies of the Regional Civil Protection

The bodies of the Civil Protection at a regional level are:

  • The Regional Committee for Civil Protection: the consultative and deliberative collective body the President of the Region relies on to establish prevention programs and ensure coordination of regional activities in the field of Civil Protection. It is composed of the heads of all sectors of vital interest to the Civil Protection.
  • The Civil Protection Directorship in which the Operational Measures Service find its place. The radiotelephone listening room of the Civil Protection Directorship provides 24 hours to radiotelephone listening. The reporting of an event is handled in relation to its severity and complexity of aid interventions needed to face it.
    The Civil Protection Directorship has 2 cores ready for action (one located in Aosta and the other in Courmayeur), consisting of mountain guides of the Mountain Rescue of the Aosta Valley, canine units and medical staff of 118, transported by helicopter and specifically specialized in mountain rescue interventions.
  • The Centre for coordination of Aid (CCS), which is appointed by order of the President of the Region for the management of rescue operations in emergency situations of particular seriousness or territorial extent.
    It works in the Regional Operations Centre and, through the operating office, it manages the rescue operations.
    It is chaired by the President of the Region and it is constituted of people that make up the regional committee for civil protection supplemented by technical experts, representatives of organizations, systems, commands involved in interventions.


The operating structures in the region

In core of an emergency is activated, at the headquarters of the Civil Protection Directorship, the Regional Operative Centre (COR), which is the coordinating body for civil protection structures on the hit areas and consists of:

  • A strategic area, to which pertain the persons responsible for taking decisions (CCS);
  • An operating room, structured in Support Functions, from which all interventions, aid and assistance operations in the hit area start as determined from the strategic area. The support functions represent the organization of responses, divided into sections of activity and action, to be given to the different operational needs.

They contribute to the activities of civil protection in the region:

  • The Aosta Valley Fire Department;
  • The Police (Police Prefecture, Carabineers, Financial Police, State Police, Traffic Police);
  • The Aosta Valley USL;
  • Army;
  • Italian Red Cross;
  • The Aosta Valley Forest Rangers;
  • Mountain Rescue of the Aosta Valley (S.A.V.);
  • Regional Agency for Territorial Protection (ARPA);
  • Volunteer Organizations;
  • Companies and individuals.


Volunteering

Civil Protection volunteering was born under the influence of large emergencies that have occurred in Italy since the flood of Florence in 1966.
Its role has been strengthened and enhanced both within the civil protection system and in the country.

The Law of 24 February 1992 No. 225, Establishment of the National Service of Civil Protection, recognizes the value of volunteering and its role of “national operational structure” as an integral part of the public system, like other institutional components such as the Fire Brigade, the Police, the Forest Rangers, etc.

The Presidential Decree February 8, 2001 No. 194, Regulations laying down new rules for the participation of voluntary organizations in the activities of civil protection, regulates the participation of such organizations with civil protection activities and provides, among other things, certain benefits of the law in favour of voluntary workers, both public and private, used in planning, simulation and rescue activities (if authorized by the Department of Civil Protection of Rome), namely the maintenance of employment and remuneration.

Volunteer organizations willing to cooperate with the "Regional civil protection system" record themselves in the regional register of volunteering and indicate their availability to the Civil Protection Directorship, as required by L.R. December 6, 1993 No. 83.

Volunteer organizations affiliated with the Autonomous Region of the Aosta Valley are the following:

  • Volunteers Core and PC A.N.C. - Aosta Valley
  • Psychologists for the People - Aosta Valley Emergency
  • Research Team
  • Search and Rescue Unit
  • Aosta Valley Motorsport
  • Rescue Volunteers of Valpelline

Precise agreements are also being refined with other groups of volunteers in the area, always aiming at a comprehensive emergency management.
The common goal is to create a system of quick response in case of disasters, locally, nationally and internationally, making the most of the characteristics and skills of each group, in full integration with the institutional forces.


The interregional and inter border context

The Autonomous Region of the Aosta Valley borders with the Piedmont region, the canton of Valais (CH) and the Haute-Savoie (FR). It follows the sharing of common risk situations and the opportunity for an exchange of information and harmonization and integration of the activities of the Civil Protection.

These regions are working on agreements and conventions at the state level (Italy - France and Italy - Switzerland) and on special arrangements for mutual aid at the interregional level (the Aosta Valley Region - Prefecture of Haute-Savoie).


Province

In Italy, the province is a local authority which area is less than the extension of the region (and included in one Region) and it includes the territory of many municipalities (in turn the territory of each municipality is part of a single province). The regulation of Provinces is contained in Title V of Part II of the Constitution (Articles 114 et seq.) and, of course, in primary and secondary sources that implement the constitutional provisions. Except for the autonomous provinces, all are part of the Union of Italian Provinces (UPI).

Currently, the Italian provinces are 110, which correspond to 109 provincial governments, subdivided into 20 regions.

As far as the Aosta Valley is concerned the provincial powers are carried out by the region, with its own Administration.

The provinces of Bolzano and Trento are autonomous provinces with provincial and regional powers.

The nine provincial districts of Sicily have been deleted from the regional statute and technically replaced by LR No 9 / 1986 with a similar number of “Regional Provinces" formed as municipal free consortia.

Due to the presence of 5 provinces with 2 capitals and 1 province with 3 capitals, provincial capitals are 116 Italians with the respect to just 109 provinces. Aosta is a regional capital, but it is considered in the statistics, the 117th capital, as the capital of the region that acts as a province.

 

Region

Italy is constituted of “autonomous bodies with their own statutes, powers and functions”, including the regions (Article 114 of the Constitution).

The regions, in compliance with article. 131 of the Constitution, are 20, 5 of them have a special status and one (Trentino-Alto Adige / Südtirol), among them, consists of the unique autonomous provinces, that is to say they have legislative powers similar to those of the Regions in the Italian regulations (Trento and Bolzano).

The law on administrative decentralization has given the soil conservation value of national interest to the regions, which also contribute through their expertise in urban and regional planning.

In particular, with regard to the role assigned to the regions in the Lgs.D. 112/1998, the main news concern: the allocation of public water management, competence on the hydraulic system of all classified and unclassified networks, the subsequent Hydraulic Police, Emergency Police and Water Police duties, and the programming, planning and management of operations to defend the coast and coastal settlements.

Each Region has made, as part of its legislation, a self-organizational system of powers, assessing which tasks and functions are better to be given to provinces, municipalities and mountain communities in relation to the different regional characteristics but subject to criteria and principles defined in the legislation principle of L. 59/1997 and subsequent decrees.

The regulatory framework tends to confirm the guidelines and tools provided for some time by the framework law on soil protection (Act May 19, 1989, n. 183) and represented by the Systems for national, inter-regional and regional watersheds as institutions responsible for planning and programming actions to protect the complex of values within their respective catchment areas.

Particular attention has been retained by the State with regard to planning and funding interventions for soil protection (Law 183/1989 allocations borne by the state).
Of fundamental importance is the entrustment to the regions, with the process of administrative decentralization, of the management of public water, including the determination and takings of the resulting license fees, but not the ownership of the resulting assets that remain under State control.

The regions have specific expertise in the field of civil protection conferred by Article 12, L 225/92.

 

RAVA Autonomous Region of the Aosta Valley

www.regione.vda.it

According to the Special Statute for the Aosta Valley - February 26, 1948 Constitutional Law, No 4 - are regional bodies: the Council of the Valley, the Regional Cabinet and the President of the Region.

As regards the functions of the Region, Article 2, Title II specifies the areas in which the Region has legislative power (in accordance with the Constitution and the principles of the legal system of the Republic and with respect for international obligations and national interests, and the basic standards of economic and social reform of the Republic):

a. regulations of offices and institutions belonging to the Region, and legal and economic status of personnel;
b. regulations of local authorities and their constituencies;
c. urban and rural local police;
d. agriculture and forestry, zootechny, flora and fauna;
e. small drainage and improvement works on agriculture and land;
f. roads and public works of regional interest;
g. urban development plans for areas of particular importance for tourism;
h. cableway and car lines;
i. mineral and thermal waters;
j. hunting and fishing;
k. public water intended for irrigation and domestic use;
l. increase of the typical products of the Valley;
m. civic uses, corporations, promiscuity for agriculture and forestry co-owners and order of minimum cultural property;
n. crafts;
o. hotel industry, tourism and landscape protection;
p. technical-professional education;
q. local libraries and museums;
r. fairs and markets;
s. ordering of guides, ski schools and mountain porters;
t. toponymy;
u. fire fighting services.

In addition, under Article 3 of Title II, the Region has the power to enact laws of integration and implementation of the laws of the Republic, within the limits specified in Article 2, to suit regional conditions, in the following subjects:

a. Industry and trade;
b. establishment of local credit institutions;
c. dispossession for public use of works not in the hands of the State;
d. regulation of public water for hydroelectric purposes;
e. regulation of the use of mines;
f. regional and municipal finance;
g. kindergarten, elementary and junior high schools;
h. safety and social insurance;
i. public assistance and welfare;
j. hygiene and health care, hospital care and preventive medicine;
k. antiques and fine arts;
l. supplying;
m. assumption of public services.

According to the national Law of the establishment of the Civil Protection (L 225/1992), Art. 16, the powers of the province and of the chairman of the provincial administration belong, in the Aosta Valley, correspondingly to the regional administration and the president of the Regional Cabinet.

The functions that in this Law shall be vested by the prefect, in the Aosta Valley are given to the chairman of the Regional Cabinet. He attends meetings of the National Council of civil protection and delegates, in his absence, his representative.

Currently, the Autonomous Region of the Aosta Valley provides for the following services:

  • Regional Authority Department for Agriculture and Natural Resources
  • Regional Authority Department for productive activities
  • Regional Authority Department for budget, finances and assets
  • Regional Authority Department for Education and Culture
  • Regional Authority Department for public works, soil conservation and public housing
  • Regional Authority Department for Health and Welfare
  • Regional Authority Department for Land and Environment
  • Regional Authority Department for Tourism, Sports, Trade and Transport

The regional structure is divided into:

Regional Authority Departments

Departments

Directions

Services


With particular reference to issues related to natural hazards, we report the main functions of the technical services that have jurisdiction in the matter
.


CHAIRMANSHIP OF THE REGION

Regional Civil Protection
See the special section: Regional Civil Protection - Autonomous Region of the Aosta Valley


REGIONAL AUTHORITY DEPARTMENT FOR PUBLIC WORKS, SOIL CONSERVATION AND PUBLIC HOUSING

Department of soil conservation and water resources

1. manages and coordinates the activities related to the rational use of water resources
manages and coordinates research and studies on a regional scale for the characterization of territory within the geological and hydraulic risk

2. shall verify the perimeter of the areas at hydrogeological risk of flooding, debris flow and landslides in the application of the regional rules relating to protected sites

3. manages the territorial information system for the entire region on hydrogeological landslides

4. guarantees, in agreement with the environment management, the reorganization of water service

Geological Service

1. manages and coordinates research and studies on a regional scale for the characterization of areas within the region subject to seismic risk, relating to hydrogeological issues in glacial and periglacial environment and the protection of groundwater resources and sources

2. performs all the technical and administrative activities for:

  • the investigation and the issuance of permits and advice for conducting activities within the areas at risk of landslides and debris flows;
  • the application of the regional legislation on relocation of buildings and infrastructure in areas at hydrogeological risk, in collaboration with other structures of the Regional Department and the Administration and working in the field of soil conservation;
  • the establishment, management and maintenance of systems for instrumental landslide monitoring and their control in support of civil protection activities;
  • the collection of remote data collected for the monitoring of the territory;
  • the management of the Control Room of the glaciers;
  • the financial contributions to municipalities provided for the current law on prevention of landslide risk

3. provides geological support to the regional administrative structures in the preparation and review of geological, geotechnical and hydrological actions and to the bodies responsible for emergency situations and / or natural disaster

4. provides for the collection and management of data of its competence within the regional geographic information system, including the maintenance and updating of the computerized database of glaciers of the Aosta Valley, in collaboration with the Montagna Sicura Foundation of Courmayeur, and of geognostic data

Hydraulic Works Service

    1. ensures all structural activities related to the protection of the regional territory from flood of major regional waterways, according to the degree of compatible risk, including:

    a) definition of the requirements of new systems for flood control of the main waterways and the identification of maintenance, completion and integration requirements of existing protection systems
    b) carrying out of technical and administrative activities associated with the planning, implementation, management and care of works and testing of interventions for the protection from phenomena of flood of the main waterways and the operations of protection, preservation and redevelopment of these, their appliances and their river banks;

    2. manages the authorization, control and surveillance processes in relation to the management and / or construction of dams and dykes;

    3. collaborates in activities related to soil conservation for the aspects of its competence in monitoring the perimeters of the areas at hydraulic risk proposed by municipalities pursuant to the rules relating to regional unbuildable areas for hydraulic risk, and the law relating to relocation of buildings and infrastructure from the areas at hydraulic risk and in general all procedures that require hydraulic assessment

    4. provides for the collection and data management of its area of expertise within the regional Geographic Information System

Service-owned property management and water resources

1. ensures the investigation and issuance of permits, licenses, clearances and consents, with the power to exercise control and supervision of water resources and public water and for conducting activities within the river banks, including activities for the removal of lithoid material

2. guarantees the performance of the following administrative and technical activities:

  • design, implementation, management and support of works and testing of the water supplies, sanitation and wastewater purification works;
  • preparation and implementation of the Multi-year Plan of action for integrated water services;
  • management and operation of purification plants to service the fleet for the regional means of transport and of the Fire Fighters Headquarters;
  • releases technical advice on local authorities projects under the FOSPI program concerning the drinking water supply and wastewater collection and purification;

3. provides for the collection and data management of its area of expertise within the regional Geographic Information System

4. collaborates with the urban and regional planning instruments for regional management and protection of water resources and regional hydraulic bodies

Regional Functional Centre

    1. guarantees, even in support of the civil protection activity:

    a) the operation of the meteorological office
    b) the establishment, management and maintenance of monitoring instrumental systems of rivers flow, of snow and weather parameters, and the processing of measured parameters
    c) carrying out the activities for the warning of the civil protection system and monitoring in the course of events as defined by the Directive on the warning

    2. makes sure the achieving of requirements, studies and products needed to produce a forecast of ground effects of adverse weather conditions in cooperation with relevant regional structures and the ARPA of the Aosta Valley

    3. it shall issue, with the cooperation of the operating units responsible for the protection of soil, the bulletins provided by the national alert system for hydrological risks

    4. provides full support to the decisions of the civil protection authorities responsible for the warning

    5. participates in the activities of civil protection even replacing the Director of Civil Protection, in the case of his appointment or impediment as regards the technical and operational management in emergency situations, on behalf of the Coordinator responsible for civil protection and prior approval of the reference Coordinator

Hydrogeological direction of mountain watersheds

    1. ensures all activities related to the structural protection of the region from the flooding of regional secondary rivers, landslides and avalanches, including:

    a) determination of the need for new systems of protection against avalanches, slope instabilities and phenomena of secondary river flood, and identification of maintenance, completion and integration requirements of the existing protection systems
    b) carrying out technical and administrative activities associated with the planning, implementation, management and care of work and testing of interventions to protect against avalanches, slope instabilities and the phenomena of secondary river flood, assistance for the protection, preservation and rehabilitation, their relevance and their river banks and the operations for the control of natural water flows

    2. it carries out the following activities within the scope of protection from avalanche risk:

    a) ensures the preparation and issuing of the Avalanche Bulletin
    b) manages functional activities to maintain and update the Regional Avalanche Register, in the Geographic Information System area
    c) coordinates the activities of AINEVA detectors according to the preparation of the regional avalanche bulletin
    d) manages the activities of regional relevance in the context of the interregional association AINEVA
    e) ensures the investigation and the issuing of licensing and opinions for the conduct of activities in areas at risk of avalanches
    f) manages and coordinates research and studies on a regional scale for the characterization of areas within the region at risk of avalanche and ice

    3. collaborates in activities related to soil conservation aspects in its area of expertise in monitoring the perimeters of the areas at hydraulic risk and landslide risk proposed by municipalities pursuant to the rules relating to regional areas on unbuildable areas for hydraulic risk and landslide risk

    4. provides for the collection and data management in its area of expertise within the regional Geographic Information System


REGIONAL
AUTHORITY DEPARTMENT FOR LAND AND ENVIRONMENT
Land and Environment Department

Town Planning Direction

  1. organizes and ensures the enforcement of regional and national rules on town planning
  2. organizes and ensures the implementation of the Regional Land and Landscape Plan through the municipal land use Plans
  3. draws up guidelines for the implementation of town planning legislation in the region by the municipalities and carries out support and advice actions for local bodies on planning permission and the application of the Regional Land and Landscape Plan
  4. provides the link between regional and national programs and the management of national and community plans on town planning
  5. conducts research and information dissemination on town planning
  6. is responsible for the management of investigative procedures required by the relevant regional town planning rules aimed at the adoption of acts under Regional Cabinet jurisdiction
  7. organizes and manages the investigative procedures for the approval of municipal town planning instruments and their variants
  8. manages the investigation procedures for the approval of land planning exceptions
  9. manages the procedures aimed at the approval of maps of unbuildable areas covered by regional planning law in collaboration with the relevant technical structures for different subjects
  10. checks the situation of the implementation of existing regional planning law to identify critical applications, to define any corrective or interpretation procedures and to propose the adoption of legislative changes, if necessary
  11. collaborates with the technical aspects relevant to planning aspects in the application of rules relating to regional scopes
  12. shall provide the data collection and management in its area of expertise within the regional geographic information system and the computerization of the town planning instruments
  13. is responsible for the technical data and information that belong to the area of expertise of the Land knowledge System (SCT)


REGIONAL AUTHORITY DEPARTMENT FOR AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES
Department of Natural Resources and Forest Rangers

Mountain Settlement Service

  1. provides and manages the activities for the conservation and enhancement of mountain areas
  2. provides for the maintenance of mountain settlement works
  3. guarantees the execution of all administrative and technical activities related to the planning, implementation, management and support of the works and testing on interventions in the direct economy of the mountain maintenance areas (hydraulic settlements, slopes and avalanche protection settlements)
  4. ensures the efficiency of the forestry experts in its structure, their training, safety and hygiene of the workplace
  5. cooperates with the Coordinator in the preparation of annual action plans in relation to their areas of expertise
  6. manages the warehouse, fleets, laboratories and related vehicles in the building industry of the mountain settlements
  7. provides for the granting of interventions aimed at soil protection

Chief of the Forest Rangers in the Aosta Valley

  1. organizes the institutional activities of the Forest Rangers, the service on the territory of the personnel assigned to the Forest Rangers Stations
  2. has the task of official representative of the Forest Rangers
  3. reports to the President of the Region or the qualified Regional Secretary on administrative and operational activities of the Forest Rangers and the consequent achievements
  4. manages the administrative measures in the area of expertise of the Forest Rangers
  5. manages the forest and administrative staff of the Forest Rangers
  6. organizes training and updating courses for the Forest Rangers
  7. participates in the Civil Protection Committee
  8. participates in the Order and Public Safety Committee
  9. chairs the Committee of the Forest Rangers
  10. manages the disciplinary proceedings of the Forest Rangers staff
  11. chairs the meetings of the Forest Station Chiefs
  12. directs the activities of the Judicial Police, of the territorial monitoring and the administrative supervision, and handles relations with the local Public Prosecutor's Office
  13. presides over the activities of Public safety of the Forest Rangers and handles relations with the local police station
  14. directs the operations of the Forest Rangers staff in the wildfire prevention and fire-fighting
  15. shall supervise the C.I.T.E.S. implementation on the region
  16. shall provide the forecast, prevention and active struggle against forest fires
  17. manages the vehicle fleet of the Forest Rangers in the Aosta Valley
  18. supervises the work of construction, renovation and maintenance of real estate to be used by the Forest Rangers in the Aosta Valley


REGIONAL AUTHORITY DEPARTMENT FOR HEALTH AND WELFARE
Department of Health and Welfare
Health Direction

Territorial Health Service

1. it elaborates directives and guidelines for the organization, the delivery, the operations and the control of activities and services relating to:
- Residential and semi-residential health care districts (basic medicine and pediatrics, continuity of care, territorial emergency, tourists assistance)
- Territorial specialist assistance

2. performs the functions of guidance and control in relation to:
- emergency and medical aid, pharmaceutical convention assistance and relating costs
- Spa Service
- prosthetic assistance
- non-conventional medicine
- integrated health care services

3. takes care of the co-ordination with the relevant social and business services on integration of health services and social assistance

 

Piedmont Region

www.regione.piemonte.it

The bodies of the Piedmont Region, the Regional Cabinet, chaired by the President of the Region, and Regional Council. Currently, the Piedmont Region has the following departments:

  • Presidency (PRE) - Political Institutions, international relations, coordination of policies, international cooperation and policy for peace, communication, coordination and guidance of instrumental organizations, agencies and subsidiaries, post-Olympic action coordination, coordination of interdepartmental policies of volunteering.
  • Vice President of the Cabinet - productive activities (industry, commerce, mining), budget and finance, property, personnel and self organization, management control and cooperation.
  • Health protection, social and health programming in conjunction with the Councillor for Welfare.
  • Universities, research, policy innovation and internationalization, telecommunications, e-government, work for the restructuring and enhancement of the Real Estate Companies of the regional health and innovation in its management agreement with the Department of Health, for the creation of the Public Works of Piedmont.
  • Transportation and infrastructure.
  • Trade fairs, local police, promoting safety, civil protection.
  • Territorial policies (planning and housing), territorial goods, consultation with the Councillor for Social Welfare on policies for housing, planning, statistics.
  • Environment, parks and protected areas, water resources, mineral thermal water and energy.
  • Federalism, decentralization and relations with local authorities, administrative simplification, legal, and contentious relationship with the Regional Council.
  • Tourism, sport, ski slopes, equal opportunities.
  • Welfare, employment, immigration, emigration, housing policies, social cooperation, social and health programming in consultation with the Department of Health, consultation with the local Secretary concerning welfare for homes.
  • Cultural, linguistic heritage and linguistic minorities, youth policies, the Regional Museum of Natural Science.
  • Education, professional training.
  • Development of the mountains and forests, public works, soil conservation.
  • Agriculture, protection of fauna and flora.

Evidently the Piedmont region must protect the environment (emissions and air quality, drainage of contaminated sites, territorial compatibility and VIA procedures, education, protection, territorial restoration, energy, waste, electromagnetism, nuclear and industrial risk, noise), plan soil conservation (Draft Plan for the Hydrogeological Settlement, small dams and hill reservoirs, register of hydraulic protection works) and manage water resources (historical profile, water demanding, knowledge of surface water and groundwater, water service, Water protection plan, water resources master plan, vulnerable zones): the website of the region provides information on these topics. In particular, the aspects and the information considered important are summarized below.

With regard to the prevention of natural risks, instead, the Piedmont region entrusts the task to ARPA Piedmont (information on the ARPA Piedmont website)


With regard to the role assigned to the regions in the Leg. 112/1998, the Piedmont Region has adopted a regional law April 26, 2000, No 44 and s.m.i.

The Soil Protection Directorship also participates in activities in order to establish criteria for the use and management of public lands within the Watershed Authority of the Po River.

The functions of inquiry on the applications for granting the use of public lands and waterways and their appliances are exerted by the decentralized public works and hydrogeological defense, which is also responsible for the appraisal of authorities soliciting hydraulic requests related to the hydrographic network of regional competence; while on the grid for the Po River Inter-Regional Agency technical appraisal is concerned, the suitable requests in these sectors are carried out by the decentralized offices of the Agency. The measures for the grants of the use of public lands and waterways and their appliances are the responsibility of decentralized public works and hydrogeological defense for the entire territory of the Piedmont Region, pending the completion of the hierarchy of the drainage network required by LR 44/2000.

In accordance with art. 89 of Legislative Decree no. 112/1998 all functions related to the protection and management of the waterways are conferred to the regions and local authorities:

  1. the design, implementation and management of all water projects
  2. dams
  3. the tasks of water police and hydrological emergency following the various concessions for use of public water: extraction of materials, beaches, lake and river surfaces and appliances, appliances, hydraulic;
  4. water police
  5. the management of public water, including all functions relating to public water outlets, searching, extraction and use of groundwater, protection of the underground water system, and the determination of license fees and the intro of the proceeds;
  6. appointing regulators for the allocation of water resources of rivers


Thematic Area: Environment, soil and water resources protection - Soil protectionwww.regione.piemonte.it/sit/argomenti/difesasuolo/suolo/index.htm

Historical data for the period 1800-2000 documented that Piedmont was hit on average every 2 years from damage due to underestimation of natural hazards, and this is also due to its geomorphological conformation, characterized by hilly and mountainous areas which constitute about 73 % of its territory. These focus on the risks of instability, while areas in the valley or plain - and crossed by heavily urbanized infrastructure and communications networks - are affected by flood risks due to the extensive drainage network that includes about 36% of the reticule pertaining to the Watershed of the Po River.

The planning instrument for soil conservation interventions is the Hydrogeological Survey Plan (PAI), which connects the programming works of Piedmont to the broader context of the Po River Watershed. PAI is characterized as a plan continuously updated with the inclusion of variants that complete its programming. Another peculiar element of the PAI is the ability for the Piedmont to adapt it over time to more detailed information derived from the coordination of Provincial and Territorial Plans and from Municipal Regulation Plans.

The main areas of intervention of the Directorship of Land Protection are characterized by:

  • technical support to the institutional functions of the leading Region for the subject "soil conservation" as part of the Permanent Conference for Relations between State and Regions;
  • participation in the process of setting up, consultation and adoption of instruments of Watershed planning: PAI and its variants, directives, statements made in the technical bodies of the Watershed Authority;
  • reviewing the adequacy of PAI plans and projects of local authorities;
  • planning and funding of protection works and maintenance, with the assistance of the Agency for Inter-Po (AIPO);
  • monitoring of the operations financed and Cadastre of protection works carried out;
  • promotion of studies on the territorial hydrological risks and acquisition of data on land instability;
  • matters concerning the management of dams and reservoirs following the regional expertise in the prevention of risks.

Whatever their field of action, we must not forget however, that in the field of soil conservation results are obtained only with the help of many public bodies that have expertise complementary to each other, which means the State, the Authority of the Po River Watershed, the region, the Agency for Inter-Po (AIPO), Local Authorities. For this reason, the strategic objective underlying all possible actions is to favour the maximum coordination and sharing of results.

The Piedmont Region has carried out, until last term, the functions of region leader in the Conference of the Presidents of the Autonomous Regions and Provinces and in the Permanent Conference for Relations between State, Autonomous Regions and Provinces and the Joint Conference with regard to the environment and soil protection. The Directorship of Soil Protection was the competent structure, at the technical level, for the Piedmont Region for the coordinative functions relating to their area of expertise.

The region has assumed the role of reference region between the Watershed Authority, the provinces and local authorities, becoming the linking element between the general guidelines and the local realities.

The industry then deals in general with the application of the PAI in the local area and its update at the level of Watershed Authority, it carries out investigations on the hydraulic aspects the plans deal with in the process of adaptation to PAI for watercourses classified at second and third category under the RD 523/04. It also verifies compliance with the plan in terms of technical and regulatory actions subject to territorial impact assessment, it proposes actions and projects within the Authority's Technical Subcommittee of the Watershed, where these relate to areas under the rules of the Plan, provides support in preliminary steps for the preparation of studies on the territory promoted by the Watershed Authority, it participates actively in the drafting of guidelines on specific topics affecting the river environment, it promotes research on hydraulic issues, it implements part of the Regional Information System with the management and collecting of data for the register of protection works and it promotes the consultation service on everything related to the PAI.

Additional information is available on: www.regione.piemonte.it/sit/argomenti/difesasuolo/pianificazione/pai.htm
while viewing the PAI is possible on the following page http://gis.regione.piemonte.it/disuw/

Another useful instrument for understanding the purpose of forecasting and prevention is the SICOD, the Cadastre of the Protection Works. This system was developed in collaboration with the CSI Piedmont at the end of 1999, and currently stores information on more than 10,000 works recorded on the basis of projects approved by the Conference Services and especially the visits undertaken by the working group dedicated to it. The Cadastre of the Protection Works System has been recognized by the Region with DGR 47-4052 of 1 October 2001 and it is a first nucleus of information that, combined with other data the region has, offers a valid support to the preliminary schedule. It is a system that collects, organizes and manages information relating to the works of protections, whether hydraulic or concerning slopes. Its goal is to provide the setting for what has been or will be built and how the works interact with the territory. Currently, the cadastre distinguishes between 26 types of hydraulic and slope works.

The Hydrogeological Survey Protection Section, as part of the Directorship, is called to perform certain activities in general:
• activities related to the planning of measures for the protection, with the assistance of the OO.PP. Decentralized Sections and hydrogeological Survey Protection, with funds provided by the following laws: LR 54/75, L. 267/98, as well as CIPE funds for the implementation of the Institutional Program between the Government and the Piedmont Region;
• activities related to monitoring and guidelines for the identification of initiatives and actions on soil protection, in particular with regard to hydrogeological and hydraulic set-up;
• prevention and survey activities on the assessment of instabilities conditions.

More specifically, the Hydrogeological Survey Protection Section prepares instruments concerning technical and administrative management and financial interventions, even with the aid of an information system (Practice database) and determined the Directorship Budget.
In the context of the powers mentioned above, the Sector also manages the Conference of Services, established at the Directorship, oversees relations with the Piedmont Region with AIPO in relation to the interventions planning in its powers, and with the Watershed Authority with regard to the programs which are of importance to the catchment scale.

The Hydrogeological Survey Protection Section, in recent years, has entered into certain agreements with the CNR-IRPI and the Politecnico di Torino - Department of Hydraulics, by virtue of which research in the field of hydraulic and water fields have been initiated.

In addition, the industry has always maintained close contacts with the Dams National Service and contacts in the sectors of the reservoirs in other regions. The Piedmont Region has promoted meetings with other regions for the definition of the Italian Dams Registry (RID), a new mixed body of state-regions which replaced, in 2003, the National Dams Service, now dissolved.


Thematic Area: Mountains, forests and landscape protectionwww.regione.piemonte.it/sez_tem/montagna/montagna.htm

Thematic Area: Public Workshttp://www.regione.piemonte.it/sez_tem/oopp/oopp.htm

The Regional Public Work has long been aimed at the modernization of its areas of competence - Public Works, Emergency Services, decentralized public work sectors and hydrogeological survey for its area of expertise - by creating a comprehensive information system, encompassing both the development processes of projects planned and the technological upgrading of instruments. The Public Work Department as well as having coordinated the preparation and publication of Reference works and public works rates in the Piedmont Region, it is an active partner of the contracting authorities, through the establishment of a Regional Public Work Observatory, especially in dealing with the formalities required by the Law 109/94. In addition, the Department coordinates all phases of reconnaissance, survey, funding and subsequent realization, related to the reconstructions resulting from the disastrous events in Piedmont.

In particular, in this section of the site there are available pages on the calamitous events in Piedmont (Development programs and processes of reconstructive actions for the mitigation of geological and seismic risk): www.regione.piemonte.it/oopp/alluvione/alluvionali.htm. This chapter outlines all the steps taken to protect public safety, safety of public infrastructure, the protection of productive and private heritage buildings as a result of flooding and landslides. It is also available the documentation for the grant application for damage.

As for the seismic events it shows the reclassification of Piedmont municipalities under PCM Ordinance 3274 of 20/03/2003.

 

Meteomont Service

http://www.sian.it/infoMeteo

The Meteomont Service is the service of prevention and forecast of avalanche danger throughout the country carried out by the Alpine troops and the State Forest Rangers Department in collaboration with the Air Force Weather Service.

 

Mayor

According to the National Institution Law of Civil Protection (Law No. 225 February 24, 1992, Art. 15) the mayor is the municipal authority for civil protection. Upon the occurrence of the emergency within the municipality, the mayor takes over the management and coordination of emergency services and assistance to hit populations and provides for the necessary interventions by giving immediate notice to the prefect and the president of the Regional Cabinet.

When natural disaster or an event cannot be faced using the resources of the municipality, the mayor asks the intervention of other forces and structures to the prefect, adopting the measures in his area of expertise, coordinating his actions with those of the Municipal Civil Protection.

 

Mountain Rescue (C.N.S.A.S.)

http://www.cnsas.it/

The NATIONAL MOUNTAIN and SPELEOLOGICAL RESCUE is the trained and specialized body in charge for mountain rescue.

The C.N.S.A.S. is a public utility service as indicated in the Law No 21 March 2001 74 and it is a national operating organization of the National Civil Protection under Law No 24 February 1992 225. The C.N.S.A.S. is a free national association, apolitical, nonpartisan and nonprofit. The Office of the Association is the registered office of the Italian Alpine Club in Milan.

The purposes of C.N.S.A.S. are:
- to contribute to the monitoring and prevention of injured in the carrying out of activities related to the mountain environment and caving.
- to assist in this scope the injured, unsafe, and recover the missing and dead, also in collaboration with external organizations.
- to contribute to the rescue in case of disasters, in cooperation with the structures of Civil Protection, as part of their institutional responsibilities.

The Organization of C.N.S.A.S. is divided into Provincial and Regional Mountain Rescue Services constituted, whenever necessary, one for each Autonomous Region Or Province Of The Italian State on the proposal of the National Council and after approval of the National Assembly.

 

Aosta Valley Mountain Rescue

http://www.soccorsoalpinovaldostano.it/

The task of managing and organizing the mountain rescue service in the territory of the Autonomous Region of the Aosta Valley is entrusted by law establishing the Aosta Valley Mountain Rescue.

As part of the Regional Directorship of Civil Protection, the Aosta Valley Mountain Rescue provides a service for technical emergency and 24 hour radiotelephone listening. Such activities at the Regional Operations Centre of Civil Protection (COR), by helicopter, are provided by 70 operators in the Aosta Valley Mountain Rescue: Alpine guides and dog units.

Aosta Valley Mountain Rescue Stations
The structure of the Aosta Valley Mountain Rescue provides for the existence of thirteen rescue stations located in geographically significant region, supported by the Operations Centre of Civil Protection, located at the airport of Saint-Christophe, a few kilometers from Aosta.

The planned dislocations of the stations, distributed at the major locations of side valleys, allow to quickly intervening also in those remote areas where operational conditions are usually difficult because of the altitude, often exceeding 3000 m, and territorial adversity, if the core helicopter emergency action is not available or is insufficient.

 

118: Sanitary Urgency and Emergency Service

In Italy it's the telephone number to ask for medical emergencies. It's a unique free national number, working 24 hours a day, 7 days of the week. From July 2011 the 118 will be substituted by the 112 number.

 

Firefighters Department: National Firefighters Body

Fire Department, Public Aid and Civil Protection (www.vigilfuoco.it)

The National Firefighters Body, in order to protect the personal safety and integrity of goods, provides technical assistance characterized by the requirement of immediacy of action, for which technical skills are required even for highly specialized and appropriate equipment resources, and conducts studies for the same purpose and experimental and technical examinations in the specific field.

These are some among the technical operations of public assistance of the National Body:

  • the work of technical assistance at fires, uncontrolled releases of energy, sudden or threatening structural collapse, landslide, flood, flooding or other public calamity;
  • the work of technical opposition of risks from the use of nuclear, chemical, biological and radiological substances.

The technical assistance of the National body is limited to strictly urgent tasks and ceases when the real need is over.

In the event of civil protection interventions, the National Body works as a basic component of the National Service of Civil Protection and ensures, within its technical area of expertise, the management of technical operations of emergency in accordance with the degree of coordination required by current legislation.

As part of its institutional expertise in the field of Civil Protection are:

  • to face, also in relation to the international situation, through aids in the territory, non-conventional risks arising from any act committed against persons or property using nuclear, chemical, biological and radiological substances;
  • to contribute to the preparation of fire fighting units for the Army;
  • to contribute to the preparation of national and regional Civil Protection;
  • to provide for the preparation of services of training and use of the units responsible for the protection of the civilian population, including the operating activities carried out, in case of war;
  • to participates with its representatives, to the corporate bodies responsible for civil protection.

In terms of extinguishing forest fires, the central and peripheral structures of the National Body provide urgent technical assistance in their area of expertise directed to the people and safeguarding the integrity of the goods. Based on prior approval of the program, the National Body also makes available to the regions resources, equipment and personnel necessary to actively contrast forest fires.

Preventing fires is entrusted to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Home Secretary, which exercises its activities through the Department and the National Body. It is function of preeminent public interest intended to achieve, according to standardized criteria for application in national territory, the aim of safety of human life, personal safety, property and environment protection through the promotion, study, preparation and testing of rules, measurements, measures, devices and modes of action designed to prevent the occurrence of a fire and the events in any way connected to it or to limit its consequences. It is expressed in all areas characterized by exposure to the risk of fire and, because of its interdisciplinary importance, including in the areas of safety in the workplace, control of major hazard risks involving dangerous substances, energy, and protection from ionizing radiation, of building materials.


Fire: Aosta Valley Fire Department

www.regione.vda.it/protezione_civile/vigilidelfuoco/default_i.asp

The Fire Department of the Aosta Valley consists of professionally trained staff and volunteers.

The Aosta Valley region relies on the body of the fire brigade to the business of firefighting equipment and technical assistance for emergency work such as technical assistance during sudden or threatening destruction of buildings, landslide, flood, flooding or other disaster. The Fire Department of the Aosta Valley is a fundamental and an operational structure of civil protection.

The activity of the Fire Department of the Aosta Valley is governed by the following rules:
• Regional Law March 19, 1999, No 7 (update to the regional law August 17, 2004, 19)
• Regional Law October 24, 2002, No 20 (update to the regional law August 17, 2004, 20)
• Regional Law October 24, 2002, No 20 (update to the regional law August 17, 2004, 20)

 

Regional Directorship of the Fire Department of Public Aid and Civil Protection of Piedmont

http://www.vfpiemonte.it/index.html

 

INGV - National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology

It's the subject that manage the monitoring network of earthquakes and volcanoes phenomena. It's operate in geophysics, seismology and vulcanology research fields. Through the Earthquakes National Center it's the official center or research, monitoring and alert for earthquakes events. In case of earthquake with Richter magnitudo above 2,5 it informs the National Civil Protection Department.

 


FMS
Prepared by Foundation "Montagna Sicura", Courmayeur, January 2011